Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

23 April 2009

Aggressive and impulsive behaviors in Frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease

Bozena Grochmal-BachABDEF, Leszek BidzanABCDEF, Maria PachalskaABCDEF, Mariola BidzanABCF, Beata LukaszewskaABCF, Anna PufalBCF

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(5): CR248-254 :: ID: 869647


Differentiating FTD and AD is of great clinical significance, due to the very different efficacy of cholinesterase inhibitors in the two disorders. Previous studies have pointed to behavioral differences in FTD and AD, but less attention has been paid to comparing aggressive and impulsive behaviors in the AD and the FTD.
Material and Method
Nursing home residents diagnosed with AD (NINCDS/ADRDA criteria) or the behavioral variant of FTD (Frontotemporal Dementia and Pick's Disease Working Group criteria) were included in the research group. Individuals diagnosed with AD who showed atrophy of the frontal lobes in neuroimaging were excluded from the study, as were patients matching the clinical criteria for bvFTD, but with lesions in the temporal lobes. Agitation and aggressive behaviors were assessed using the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI), whereas behavioral and psychological symptoms were assessed with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory - Nursing Home Version (NPI-NH).
The overall NPI-NH score, including with some partial scores (apathy/indifference and disinhibition), together with the intensity of aberrant motor behavior differentiated individuals with AD from those with bvFTD. On the CMAI scale, both the overall score and physical aggressive behaviors differentiated the two study groups.
Our research confirms previous results indicating a greater intensity of behavioral pathology in FTD. A detailed assessment of aggressive behaviors revealed further differences between AD and FTD in this respect.

Keywords: Mental Disorders - etiology, Dementia - complications, Alzheimer Disease - complications

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600


In Press

05 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Role of Critical Shoulder Angle in Degenerative Type Rotator Cuff Tears: A Turkish Cohort Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943703  


06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Outcomes between Single-Level and Double-Level Corpectomy in Thoracolumbar Reconstruction: A ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943797  

21 Mar 2024 : Meta-Analysis  

Economic Evaluation of COVID-19 Screening Tests and Surveillance Strategies in Low-Income, Middle-Income, a...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943863  

10 Apr 2024 : Clinical Research  

Predicting Acute Cardiovascular Complications in COVID-19: Insights from a Specialized Cardiac Referral Dep...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942612  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750