01 August 2009
Risk-tendency graph (RTG): a new gait-analysis technique for monitoring FES-assisted paraplegic walking stabilityDong MingABCEFG, Yong HuADEFG, Yatwa WongDF, Baikun WanCDEF, Keith D.K. LukAG, John C.Y . LeongAG
Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(8): MT105-112 :: ID: 878124
Gait analysis techniques guide the use and design of functional electrical stimulation (FES) systems for paraplegic walking. However, published studies on dynamic gait stability for the effective use of FES are limited. This paper introduces a new risk-tendency graph (RTG) technique to analyze and process gait stability in FES-assisted paraplegic walking.
Material and Method
The main instrument was a specialized walker dynamometer system based on a multi-channel strain-gauge bridge network affixed to the frame of the walker. This system collects force information for the handle reaction vector (HRV) between the patient's upper extremities and the walker during walking. The information is then converted into a walker tipping index (WTI), which is an indicator of the patient's walking stability. Dynamic gait stability is then combined with spatio-temporal locating methods for WTI and visually described as morphological curves in the temporal and spatial domains, namely RTGs.
To demonstrate the potential usefulness of RTG in gait analysis, a preliminary clinical trial was conducted with one male paraplegic patient who was undergoing FES walking training. The gait stability levels for the patient under different stimulation patterns were quantified using the results of temporal and 3-D spatial RTG. Relevant instable phases in the gait cycle and dangerous inclinations of the patient's body while walking were also clearly identified.
The new RTG technique is a practical method for distinguishing useful gait information from the viewpoint of stability and may be further applied in FES-assisted paraplegic walking rehabilitation.
Keywords: Time Factors, Pilot Projects, Paraplegia - physiopathology, Gravitation, Gait - physiology, Electric Stimulation Therapy - methods, Biomechanical Phenomena, Walking - physiology
01 July 2022 : EditorialEditorial: World Health Organization (WHO) Variants of Concern Lineages Under Monitoring (VOC-LUM) in Response to the Global Spread of Lineages and Sublineages of Omicron, or B.1.1.529, SARS-CoV-2
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937676
27 June 2022 : Clinical ResearchShoulder Injury Related to Vaccine Administration (SIRVA) in 16 Patients Following COVID-19 Vaccination Who...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937430
04 June 2022 : Clinical ResearchScreening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936962
30 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936069
01 Jul 2022 : Clinical ResearchDoes Early-Period Patient Dissatisfaction Turn Into Satisfaction Over Time After Total Knee Replacement?
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936792
30 Jun 2022 : Laboratory ResearchBcl-2 19-kDa Interacting Protein 3 (BNIP3)-Mediated Mitophagy Attenuates Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Human...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936760
30 Jun 2022 : Clinical ResearchAntioxidant System and Ions Concentrations After Femoral Neck and Resurfacing Hip Arthroplasty
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936335
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788