Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

31 August 2009

Use of human amniotic stem cells for common bile duct reconstruction: vascularized support of a free amnion graft

Alaa IsmailABCDEFG, Rafik RamsisABCDF, Amr SherifAF, Aly ThabetBEF, Helmy El-GhorCEFG, Abdulhafez SelimCDEF

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(9): BR243-247 :: ID: 878170

Abstract

Background
Benign bile duct stricture is common in surgical practice. The complications of late stricture formation and biliary sepsis still occur in bile duct reconstruction. Many biological and artificial materials have been used to replace the damaged bile duct to avoid bilio-enteric anastomosis, which bypasses the biliary sphincter mechanism. Amniotic epithelial (AE) cells are known to have unique characteristics, such as low-level expression of major histocompatibility complex antigens and a less restricted differentiation potential. AE cells differentiate into different cell types from all three germ layers, including cardiomyocytic, myocytic, osteocytic, adipocytic (mesodermal), pancreatic, hepatic (endodermal), neural, and astrocytic (neuroectodermal) cells in vitro, suggesting a promising candidate to reconstruct the damaged bile duct.
Material and Method
Human amniotic grafts (as a source of stem cells) with or without vascularized peritoneomuscular flap were used to repair damaged bile ducts (non-circumferential and circumferential bile duct loss) in a dog model.
Results
Non-circumferential bile duct loss appeared to be satisfactorily repaired using amnion graft alone. However, circumferential duct loss was not adequately repaired with amnion graft alone, but it was adequately repaired using amnion graft with a vascularized peritoneomuscular flap. In adequately repaired cases, histological examination demonstrated that the biliary mucosal endothelium had grown over the amniotic membrane graft.
Conclusions
Collectively, the data presented here suggest that the use of human amnion as a source of amniotic stem cells provides a very promising tool for tissue reconstruction.

Keywords: Prosthesis Implantation, Postoperative Complications, Epithelial Cells - transplantation, Dogs, Common Bile Duct - surgery, Cell Differentiation - physiology, Anastomosis, Surgical, Amnion - transplantation, Reconstructive Surgical Procedures - methods, Stem Cells - physiology, Transplants

0 Comments

Editorial

01 November 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Recent Approval of Sotorasib as the First Targeted Therapy for KRAS G12C-Mutated Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938746

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938746

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

24 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938665  

01 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Questionnaire-Based Study of 81 Patients in Poland to Evaluate the Course of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938243

03 October 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937741

In Press

25 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937990  

24 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) Titration in Elderly Patients Undergoing Lobectomy

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938225  

24 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938665  

22 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Preoperative Biologics Exposure Predisposes Ulcerative Colitis Patients to a Distinct Delayed Postoperative...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938412  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750