01 December 2009
ADHD and growth: anthropometric changes in medicated and non-medicated ADHD boysRadek PtacekABCDEFG, Hana KuzelovaABDEF, Ivo PacltABDEG, Ilja ZukovBE, Slavomil FischerEF
Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(12): CR595-599 :: ID: 878275
ADHD children can show changes in growth and development. Many studies describe these changes as a side effect of stimulant medication. However, changes in somatic development can also appear in non-medicated children. This suggests that the changes could be a manifestation of the disorder itself and not just a side effect of the treatment.
Material and Method
This study compared anthropometric characteristics in medicated and non-medicated ADHD boys (n=104, age 4-16 years) with the normal non-clinical population. In contrast to most previous studies, complex anthropometrical measurements were used.
The results showed significant differences between children with ADHD and those without the diagnosis, the differences found to be statistically significant (p<0.01) being signs of nutrition (percentage of fat, abdominal circumference) and growth suppression (lower body height, smaller head circumference). Differences between the medicated and non-medicated groups corresponded only to a lower value of body fat in the medicated children.
These results suggest that growth changes in ADHD children may be more specific to the disorder itself than to stimulant treatment.
Keywords: Methylphenidate - adverse effects, Growth - drug effects, Child, Preschool, Child, Child Development - drug effects, Central Nervous System Stimulants - adverse effects, Body Weight - drug effects, Body Height - drug effects, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity - pathology, Anthropometry, Adolescent, Nutritional Status - drug effects
01 March 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Global Surveillance of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Poultry, Wild Birds, and Mammals to Prevent a Human Influenza Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939968
09 February 2023 : Clinical ResearchEvaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e938892
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchDetermining the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Care in the Serbian Adult Population: An Online Q...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939238
27 December 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926
10 December 2022 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647
24 Mar 2023 : Database AnalysisCauses of Death Following Gastric Cancer Diagnosis: A Population-Based Analysis
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939848
22 Mar 2023 : Special reportOne Year On: Poland’s Public Health Initiatives and National Response to Millions of Refugees from Ukraine
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940223
22 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchValue of IL-1β and IL-23 in Predicting 28-Day Mortality Due to Sepsis: A Retrospective Study
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940163
21 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchEfficacy of Direct Anterior Approach Versus Posterior Lateral Approach for Total Hip Replacement in Patient...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939682
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Jan 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952