Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 December 2009

ADHD and growth: anthropometric changes in medicated and non-medicated ADHD boys

Radek PtacekABCDEFG, Hana KuzelovaABDEF, Ivo PacltABDEG, Ilja ZukovBE, Slavomil FischerEF

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(12): CR595-599 :: ID: 878275

Abstract

Background
ADHD children can show changes in growth and development. Many studies describe these changes as a side effect of stimulant medication. However, changes in somatic development can also appear in non-medicated children. This suggests that the changes could be a manifestation of the disorder itself and not just a side effect of the treatment.
Material and Method
This study compared anthropometric characteristics in medicated and non-medicated ADHD boys (n=104, age 4-16 years) with the normal non-clinical population. In contrast to most previous studies, complex anthropometrical measurements were used.
Results
The results showed significant differences between children with ADHD and those without the diagnosis, the differences found to be statistically significant (p<0.01) being signs of nutrition (percentage of fat, abdominal circumference) and growth suppression (lower body height, smaller head circumference). Differences between the medicated and non-medicated groups corresponded only to a lower value of body fat in the medicated children.
Conclusions
These results suggest that growth changes in ADHD children may be more specific to the disorder itself than to stimulant treatment.

Keywords: Methylphenidate - adverse effects, Growth - drug effects, Child, Preschool, Child, Child Development - drug effects, Central Nervous System Stimulants - adverse effects, Body Weight - drug effects, Body Height - drug effects, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity - pathology, Anthropometry, Adolescent, Nutritional Status - drug effects

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 May 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: First Regulatory Approval for Adoptive Cell Therapy with Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) – Lifileucel (Amtagvi)

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944927

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944927

In Press

15 May 2024 : Database Analysis  

MRTO4 Enhances Glycolysis to Facilitate HCC Progression by Inhibiting ALDOB

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944685  

0:00

30 Mar 2024 : Review article  

Biomarkers for Early Prediction and Management of Preeclampsia: A Comprehensive Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944104  

0:00

05 Apr 2024 : Clinical Research  

Lipid Peroxidation, Reduced Glutathione, and Glutathione Peroxidase Levels in Intervertebral Discs of Patie...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944335  

30 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Enhanced Recovery of Local Anesthesia in Pediatric Patients: The Impact of Photobiomodulation on Reversing ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941928  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750