Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

26 February 2010

Early detection of retinal thickness changes in diabetes using Optical Coherence Tomography

Delia Cabrera DeBucABCDEFG, Gabor Mark SomfaiABCDEFG

Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(3): MT15-21 :: ID: 878445

Abstract

Background
Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is a severe and widely spread eye disease. Thus, an objective test for the early diagnosis and evaluation of treatment in DR is certainly needed. In this study, the ability of intraretinal layer segmentation to locally detect early retinal changes in diabetic patients is assessed using optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Material and Method
Fifty diabetic patients with no or minimal DR underwent ophthalmic examination, OCT and fundus photography. Automated segmentation of intraretinal layers of the OCT images was performed using a custom-built algorithm. Mean thickness of the macula and intraretinal layers of patients with no DR (DM) was calculated in the fovea, pericentral and peripheral regions and compared with those in patients with mild DR (MDR).
Results
We found reduced retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in the pericentral and peripheral regions (27 + or - 2 versus 18 + or - 5 microm and 42 + or - 3 versus 33 + or - 9 microm, respectively, p<0.001) and reduced thickness of ganglion cell/inner plexiform layer (GCL+IPL) complex in the pericentral region of the macula (92 + or - 7 microm versus 80 + or - 10 microm, p<0.001) in the MDR group. Accordingly, macular thickness was reduced in the pericentral and peripheral region of the macula in the MDR group.
Conclusions
Our results support the view of neurodegeneration in diabetes in the early stage of retinopathy which seems to involve the ganglion cells and cells of the inner plexiform layers (RNFL+GCL+IPL) mostly. Local retinal thickness measures can be obtained from OCT scans using an intraretinal layer segmentation procedure, and these measures could be helpful in finding a surrogate for following development of retinopathy that could affect vision.

Keywords: Retina - pathology, Macula Lutea - pathology, Diabetes Mellitus - pathology, Software, Tomography, Optical Coherence - methods

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Functional Outcomes of Therapeutic Selective Nerve Root Block for Single-Segment Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943634  

Clinical Research  

Shortening Oral Simethicone-to-Colonoscopy Interval Increases Bowel Preparation Quality

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943972  

Clinical Research  

Comparative Evaluation of Digital Cephalometric Tracing Applications on Mobile Devices and Manual Tracing

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944628  

Clinical Research  

Impact of COVID-19-Induced Academic Stress on Insomnia and Suicidal Ideation among Taiwanese Health Trainee...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944932  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,801,647

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,532,330

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,353

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,289

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750