Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 October 2010

Prevalence and socio-behavioral determinants of dental caries in Sicilian schoolchildren

Giuseppe PizzoACDEF, Maria R. PiscopoBCEF, Domenica MatrangaACDE, Marcella LuparelloB, Ignazio PizzoBEF, Giovanna GiulianaADG

Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(10): PH83-89 :: ID: 881182

Abstract

Background: Epidemiological data revealed a marked decline in dental caries prevalence in schoolchildren of Western industrialized countries. In Italy this decline is not well documented, particularly for schoolchildren living in southern Italy. This study investigated the prevalence of caries in schoolchildren in the city of Palermo, Sicily, and assessed the relationship between socio-behavioral determinants and caries.
Material/Methods: A sample of 511 schoolchildren, 153 aged 5 (29.94%) and 358 aged 12 (70.06%), was selected using the cluster sampling technique from a stratified population. The World Health Organization caries diagnostic criteria for Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth and Surfaces for both permanent (DMFT/DMFS) and primary (dmft/dmfs) dentition was used. A questionnaire to assess oral health behaviors and socio-economic factors was completed by the parents. A logistic regression model was estimated, with DMFT/dmft index properly dichotomized as the dependent variable, and oral hygiene, dietary habits, dentist visit attendance, mother’s employment status and level of education as explanatory variables. Two separate analyses were made for 5- and 12-year-old subjects.
Results: The overall prevalence of dental caries was 38.56% in 5-year-olds and 44.97% in 12-year-olds. In the case of the 5-year-olds, maternal educational level was a protective factor for caries, while in the case of the subjects aged 12, frequent snack consumption was significantly associated with caries.
Conclusions: The prevalence of caries in Sicilian schoolchildren was quite high and appears to be related to socio-behavioral determinants (socio-economic background of mothers and frequency of cariogenic snack consumption).

Keywords: Sicily - epidemiology, Questionnaires, Prevalence, Oral Hygiene - statistics & numerical data, Logistic Models, Health Behavior, Educational Status, Dental Caries - prevention & control, Dental Care, DMF Index, Child Behavior, Child, Social Class, Socioeconomic Factors, Tooth, Deciduous - pathology

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600

0:00

In Press

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Enhanced Surgical Outcomes of Popliteal Cyst Excision: A Retrospective Study Comparing Arthroscopic Debride...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941102  

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variation of Medical Comorbidities in Oral Surgery Patients: A Retrospective Study at Jazan ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943884  

08 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Foot Structure in Preschool Children Based on Body Mass

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943765  

15 Apr 2024 : Laboratory Research  

The Role of Copper-Induced M2 Macrophage Polarization in Protecting Cartilage Matrix in Osteoarthritis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943738  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750