01 November 2010
Comparative molecular epidemiology of Leishmania major and Leishmania tropica by PCR-RFLP technique in hyper endemic cities of Isfahan and Bam, IranMonir DoudiAB, Seyed Hossein HejaziCG, Mohammad Reza RazaviD, Manizheh NarimaniE, Somayeh KhanjaniE, Gilda EslamiF
Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(11): CR530-535 :: ID: 881217
Background: Leishmania is an obligate intracellular protozoa, and the sandfly, as a vector, transmits infectious forms of the parasite to the vertebrate host. The etiologic agents of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), Leishmania major and Leishmania tropica, are the most prevalent factor in Iran, especially in the Isfahan and Bam regions. Because of the importance of CL in endemic regions and the interaction of species diversity factors in developing control strategies, several isolated Leishmania species from 2 hyperendemic regions of Iran, Isfahan and Bam cities, were examined in this study by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP).
Material/Methods: In this study, 340 samples were taken from clinically suspected CL patients to prepare slides for direct microscopy and cultures for promastigotes by PCR-RFLP. The internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) region of genomic DNA was extracted and amplified with LITSr and L5.8s primers. Amplification by PCR-RFLP was performed to determine 4 kinds of genotype pattern of the species in the 2 main cities of Isfahan and Bam. Some of the product samples were sequenced and analyzed.
Results: Two genotypic groups were detected from L. major isolates, LmA and LmB; also L. tropica showed 2 patterns, LtA and LtB, in comparison with standard species. The most prevalent genotypes related to isolates of Isfahan were LmA and of Bam were LtA. These 2 genotypes were recorded as major etiologic factors of CL in these 2 regions.
Conclusions: Leishmania major and L. tropica, the causative agents of zoonotic CL and anthroponotic CL, respectively, in Isfahan and Bam, are genetically highly polymorphic species, and a correlation may exist between genetic heterogeneous and clinical manifestation and geographic regions of the disease in humans.
Keywords: Molecular Epidemiology - methods, Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous - epidemiology, Leishmania tropica - isolation & purification, Leishmania major - isolation & purification, Iran - epidemiology, Insect Vectors, Genotype, Polymerase Chain Reaction - methods, Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length, Psychodidae - parasitology
12 September 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Treatment with Dual Incretin Receptor Agonists to Maintain Normal Glucose Levels May Also Maintain Normal Weight and Control Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938365
16 September 2022 : Review articleEffects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141
12 September 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937741
29 August 2022 : Database AnalysisTranscriptome Analysis of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Response in Patients with Severe COVID-19 Reve...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937532
23 Sep 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Role of Ultrasound Radiomics and Its Application and Limitations in the Investigation of Th...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937738
23 Sep 2022 : Review articleReview of the Long-Term Outcomes of Guided Bone Regeneration and Autologous Bone Block Augmentation for Ver...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937433
22 Sep 2022 : Clinical ResearchComparison of Incremental Shuttle Walking Test, 6-Minute Walking Test, and Cardiopulmonary Exercise Stress ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938140
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292