30 November 2010
Personality characteristics of females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis after brace or surgical treatment compared to healthy controlsEwa MisterskaABCDEF, Maciej GlowackiABCDEG, Jerzy HarasymczukDEG
Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(12): CR606-615 :: ID: 881298
Background: The goal of this research was to determine whether short-term differences exist in psychopathological symptoms between adolescents with scoliosis treated operatively or conservatively. We analyzed the personality characteristics of scoliosis patients compared with controls.
Material/Methods: The study group consisted of 35 scoliosis patients treated conservatively; 35 patients treated surgical¬ly with posterior (27 cases) or anterior (7 cases) correction and fusion combined with thoraco¬plasty who then, after surgery, went on to use a brace; and a group of 35 healthy con-trols. Psychopathological symptoms were assessed with the Erich Mittenecker and Walter Toman Personality Test.
Results: In comparison with healthy individuals, the entire group of patients, including patients treated conservatively, expressed more self-criticism, whereas the patients treated surgically expressed more self-criticism, neurotism, and depressiveness. The daily length of brace use and age of patients in conservatively treated patients had a significant effect on the outcomes, in patients treated operatively degree of apical translation after surgery played a similarly significant role.
Conclusions: Patients with scoliosis fell in the range average for the personality test. The prevalence of self-reported psychopathological symptoms is higher in patients with scoliosis in the short-term after brace or surgical treatment compared with healthy controls.
There are differences in personality characteristics between adolescents with scoliosis after conservative or surgical treatment. Patients treated conservatively show more symptoms of maniacality, and the longer the brace was applied during the day, the higher the level of depression reported by the patients themselves. Patients treated operatively manifest more symptoms of neurotism.
Keywords: Personality Tests, Personality Disorders - psychology, Braces, Adolescent, Scoliosis - therapy
01 February 2023 : EditorialEditorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchEvaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchDetermining the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Care in the Serbian Adult Population: An Online Q...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939238
27 December 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926
03 Feb 2023 : Clinical ResearchTreatment of Gingival Recession Defects with Pouch and Tunnel Technique Using Connective Tissue Graft and L...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938865
02 Feb 2023 : Clinical ResearchOnline Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate the Attitudes and Use of Rubber Dental Dams by Saudi Dental Pr...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938672
02 Feb 2023 : Database AnalysisPrognostic-Related Biomarkers in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Correlating with Immune Infiltrates Based...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938785
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292