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25 February 2011

Confirmation of HIV-like sequences in respiratory tract bacteria of Cambodian and Kenyan HIV-positive pediatric patients

Vladimir ZajacADEF, Lenka MatelovaABC, Anna LiskovaB, Michal MegoABC, Vladimir HolecAEF, Zuzana AdamcikovaABC, Viola StevurkovaAEF, Andrea ShahumBG, Vladimir KrcmeryBG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.881449

Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(3): CR154-158


Background: Bacteria and yeasts isolated from respiratory tracts of 39 Cambodian and 28 Kenyan HIV-positive children were tested for the presence of HIV-1 sequences.
Material/Methods: Bacteria and yeasts from the respiratory tract (nose, pharyngeal swabs) were isolated from 39 Cambodian and 28 Kenyan HIV-positive children. Bacterial chromosomal DNA was prepared by standard protocol and by Qiagen kit. The PCR specific for HIV sequences was carried out using HIV-1-specific primers.The analysis was performed by colony and dot-blot hybridization using HIV-1-specific primers which represent gag, pol and env genes of the virus. The sequencing of some PCR products was performed on the ABI 373 DNA Sequencer.
Results: The majority of microbes were characterized as Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and resp. Candida albicans. In some cases E. coli, Streptococcus pyogenes, Proteus mirabilis and Candida tropicalis were identified. Bacteria of 16 Cambodian (41%) and 8 Kenyan (31%) children were found to be positive in colony and dot-blot DNA hybridization. By the sequencing of PCR products synthesized on the template of patients’ bacterial DNA using primers 68;69 for env HIV-1 gene, homology of greater than 90% with HIV-1 isolate HXB2 (HIVHXB2CG) was revealed.
Conclusions: Bacteria and yeasts from the respiratory tract of 41% of Cambodian and 31% of Kenyan HIV-positive children bear HIV-like sequences. The role of bacteria in the HIV disease process is discussed.

Keywords: Nucleic Acid Hybridization, Molecular Sequence Data, Kenya, HIV Seropositivity - virology, HIV - genetics, DNA, Viral - genetics, Child, Cambodia, Base Sequence, Bacteria - virology, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Reproducibility of Results, Respiratory System - microbiology, Sequence Analysis, DNA

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750