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22 September 2015 : Meta-Analysis  

Comparison of Risk of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in Patients with Distal Radius Fractures After 7 Treatments

Huan-Li ZhaoABEF, Gui-Bin WangBCE, Yue-Qing JiaCDE, Shi-Cai ZhuADE, Feng-Fang ZhangDEF, Hong-Mei LiuAEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.894075

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:2837-2844

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To compare risk of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in distal radius fracture (DRF) patients after 7 treatments using bridging external fixation (BrEF), non-bridging external fixation (non-BrEF), plaster fixation, K-wire fixation, dorsal plating fixation, volar plating fixation, and dorsal and volar plating by performing a network meta-analysis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exhaustive search of electronic databases identified randomized controlled trails (RCTs) closely related to our study topic. The published articles were screened, based on predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, to select high-quality studies for the present network meta-analysis. Data extracted from the selected studies were analyzed using STATA version 12.0 software.

RESULTS: The literature search and selection process identified 12 eligible RCTs that contained a total of 1370 DRF patients (394 patients with BrEF, 377 patients with non-BrEF, 89 patients with K-wire fixation, 192 patients with plaster fixation, 42 patients with dorsal plating fixation, 152 patients with volar plating fixation, and 124 patients with dorsal and volar plating fixation). Our network meta-analysis results demonstrated no significant differences in CTS risk among the 7 treatments (P>0.05). The value of surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA), however, suggested that dorsal plating fixation is the optimal treatment, with the lowest risk of CTS in DRF patients (dorsal plating fixation: 89.2%; dorsal and volar plating: 57.8%; plaster fixation: 50.9%; non-BrEF: 50.6%; volar plating fixation: 39.6%; BrEF: 38.4%; K-wire fixation: 23.6%).

CONCLUSIONS: Our network meta-analysis provides evidence that dorsal plating fixation significantly decreases the risk of CTS and could be the method of choice in DRF patients.

Keywords: Databases, Factual, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - etiology, Fracture Fixation - methods, Radius Fractures - surgery

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750