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14 January 2016 : Laboratory Research  

Low Expression of Mir-137 Predicts Poor Prognosis in Cutaneous Melanoma Patients

Nan LiABCDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895207

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:140-144

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to measure miR-137 expression in patients with cutaneous melanoma (CM) and to estimate the correlation of miR-137 expression and the prognosis of CM patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression level of miR-137 was assayed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and presented as mean ±SD. Chi-square was used to evaluate the relationship between miR-137 expression and clinical characteristics. We used a Kaplan-Meier survival curve to determine the overall survival rate of CM patients. Moreover, the correlation between miR-137 expression and the prognosis of CM patients was confirmed by Cox regression analysis.

RESULTS: The relative expression of miR-137 in CM tissue was 1.59±0.43, while that in paired normal tissue was 2.41±0.54, which was significantly higher. Chi-square analysis showed statistical significance between miR-137 expression and clinical characteristics such as TNM stage, ulcer, and occurrence site (P<0.05). However, no association was found between miR-137 expression and age, sex, or family history (P>0.05). According to the survival curve outcome, patients with low miR-137 expression showed relatively higher mortality (P=0.000) and multivariate analysis verified that low expression of miR-137 predicted poor prognosis of CM patients (HR=8.531, 95% CI=2.950–24.668, P=0.000).

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with paired normal tissues, miR-137 expression was lower in CM tissues. Patients with low miR-137 expression had higher mortality than those with high miR-137 expression, suggesting that low miR-137 expression indicated poor prognosis for CM patients.

Keywords: Biomarkers, Tumor - metabolism, Follow-Up Studies, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Melanoma - metabolism, Models, Statistical, Multivariate Analysis, Prognosis, Proportional Hazards Models, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Risk Factors, Skin Neoplasms - metabolism, young adult

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750