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21 January 2016 : Clinical Research  

Short-Term Anticoagulant Therapy and Thrombus Location Are Independent Risk Factors for Delayed Recanalization of Deep Vein Thrombosis

Chuanlin ZhangBE, Qining FuBF, Yu ZhaoA, Shaoyu MuAE, Liping LiuC

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895228

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:219-225

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Prompt recanalization of the vein containing the thrombus is an important goal during the initial treatment of DVT, and risk factors for delayed recanalization in patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the lower extremities need to be determined.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 174 patients with DVT in lower extremities were recruited from June 2014 to March 2015 at our hospital. Duplex ultrasound scanning was conducted for all patients at 1 and 6 months after baseline evaluation. We divided the patients into recanalization and non-recanalization groups and analyzed risk factors for delayed recanalization.

RESULTS: The univariate analysis revealed that an oral anticoagulant time of less than 3 months and venous thrombus location were risk factors for delayed recanalization (P<0.01). However, age, gender, hypertension, diabetes, pulmonary embolism, incidence factors, the use of catheter-directed thrombolytic (CDT) drugs, and inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) implantation had no influence on the incidence of delayed recanalization in patients with DVT (P>0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that patients with an anticoagulant time of less than 3 months had a lower incidence of recanalization than those with an anticoagulant time of more than 3 months (OR=2.358, P<0.05). The risk of delayed recanalization in patients with proximal DVT was 7 times higher than that in patients with distal DVT.

CONCLUSIONS: Duration of anticoagulant treatment of less than 3 months and venous thrombus location are independent risk factors for delayed recanalization of DVT in the lower extremities.

Keywords: Adolescent, Aged, 80 and over, Anticoagulants - therapeutic use, Follow-Up Studies, Multivariate Analysis, Risk Factors, Thrombosis - ultrasonography, Time Factors, Venous Thrombosis - ultrasonography, young adult

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750