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02 May 2016 : Clinical Research  

MicroRNA-421 Gene Polymorphism in Gastric Carcinoma

Xin JinABCD, Nong YuDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895652

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:1467-1471

Abstract

BACKGROUND: As a common malignant tumor, gastric carcinoma requires early diagnosis to improve treatment efficacy. MicroRNA (miR) molecules have highly conserved nucleotide sequences and can negatively regulate target gene expression at the translational level. miR-421 has been suggested to be related with gastric cancer occurrence. The gene polymorphism of miR-421, however, has not been reported. This study thus investigated the G/C polymorphism of miR-421 and its role in progression and prognosis of gastric cancer.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 96 gastric cancer patients were recruited in this study and tumor samples were collected from surgical resection. Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of miR-421 was determined by DNA sequencing for analyzing the correlation between lymph node metastasis and miR-421 genotypes. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between genotype and risk factors of gastric cancer. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was also performed to compare GG and GC carriers.

RESULTS: Differential expression patterns existed between gastric cancer tissues and normal gastric mucosa. Logistic regression analysis showed GC and GG genotypes were risk factors for gastric cancer. Patients with lymph node metastasis had higher GG genotype frequency compared to those without metastasis. In survival analysis, GG carriers had shorter survival time than GC carriers. Furthermore, GG genotype was correlated with tumor prognosis (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: G allele of miR-421 is a risk factor for gastric cancer. GG genotype is correlated with lymph node metastasis and prognosis, indicating it is a risk factor for gastric cancer.

Keywords: Demography, Gene Frequency - genetics, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Lymphatic Metastasis - pathology, MicroRNAs - genetics, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide - genetics, Prognosis, Risk Factors, Stomach Neoplasms - genetics

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750