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06 May 2016 : Clinical Research  

Inflammatory and Lipid-Associated Markers of Cardiovascular Diseases in Children with First Exacerbation of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Elżbieta Pac-KożuchowskaABCDEFG, Paulina KrawiecABCDEF, Agnieszka Mroczkowska-JuchkiewiczABCDEF, Agnieszka Pawłowska-KamieniakABCDF, Katarzyna KominekABCDF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.896116

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:1534-1539

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Adult patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of early atherosclerosis and atherosclerosis-driven cardiovascular diseases. However, data on the development of early, subclinical atherosclerosis in children with IBD are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess selected biomarkers of atherosclerosis in children with IBD.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 30 children with first exacerbation of IBD. Twenty healthy children were enrolled into the control group. Total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoproteins (LDL), high-density lipoproteins (HDL), lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)), interleukin 6 (Il-6), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and oxidized LDL (ox LDL) were determined.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences in lipids profiles in IBD children and controls. Mean IL-6 level (8.996 pg/ml) was significantly higher in the IBD group compared to controls (3.502 pg/ml). Mean hs-CRP concentration was significantly higher in IBD children than in controls (7.648 and 1.290 µg/ml, respectively). In the IBD group, mean ox-LDL concentration (144.837 ng/ml) was lower than in controls (162.352 ng/ml), but the difference was non-significant (P=0.4). Mean Lp(a) serum level was higher in patients with IBD (19.418 mg/dl) than in controls (10.970 mg/dl), but it was also non-significant.

CONCLUSIONS: No significant differences were found in biomarkers of atherosclerosis in children with IBD compared to controls. Elevated IL-6 and hs-CRP level are well-established inflammatory markers. Further studies are needed to fully determine cardiovascular risk factors in IBD children.

Keywords: Cardiovascular Diseases - complications, Biomarkers - blood, Adolescent, Case-Control Studies, Child, Child, Preschool, Colitis, Ulcerative - blood, Crohn Disease - blood, Disease Progression, Inflammation - pathology, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - pathology, Lipids - blood

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750