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03 March 2016 : Laboratory Research  

Mir-338-3p Inhibits Malignant Biological Behaviors of Glioma Cells by Targeting MACC1 Gene

Chao ShangAEG, Yang HongBG, Yan GuoCDF, Yixue XueBE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.897055

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:710-716

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Human brain glioma is the most common endocranial tumor; its mortality and morbidity are very high. The objective of this study was to determine whether miR-338-3p can regulate malignant biological behaviors of glioma cells by targeted silencing of MACC1.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression of miR-338-3p was detected by quantitative real-time PCR in brain glioma tissues and cell lines. Bioinformatics software was used to predict some potential target genes of miR-338-3p. Luciferase activities assay was used to verify the combination between target genes and miR-338-3p. And MACC1 protein expression was detected by Western blot. The apoptosis and proliferation ability were analyzed by MTT and flow cytometry assay.

RESULTS: Compared with normal brain tissues and cells, miR-338-3p in glioma tissues and cell lines was confirmed to be expressed at low levels, and down-regulation of miR-338-3p tended to be correlated with worse histological grade. Up-regulation of miR-338-3p promoted apoptosis and sharply inhibited cell proliferation ability of U251 and U87 cells. The luciferase activities assay, biotin-avidin pull-down assay, and western blot analysis verified that MACC1 was a specific target gene of miR-338-3p. Subsequent experiments found that up-regulation of MACC1 significantly inhibited the apoptosis and increased the cell proliferation ability of U251 and U87 cells. The regulation effects of miR-338-3p on malignant biological behaviors of glioma cells can be partly reversed by up-regulation of MACC1.

CONCLUSIONS: Down-regulation of miR-338-3p was an independent prognostic biomarker associated with poor prognosis in glioma patients; miR-338-3p acted as a tumor-suppressing gene whose silencing can inhibit malignant biological behaviors of glioma cells. MACC1 was a specific target gene of miR-338-3p, which regulates malignant biological behaviors of glioma cells partly through directly silencing MACC1 expression.

Keywords: Base Sequence, 3' Untranslated Regions - genetics, Binding Sites, Brain Neoplasms - pathology, Genes, Neoplasm, Glioma - pathology, Molecular Sequence Data, RNA, Messenger - metabolism, Transcription Factors - metabolism, Up-Regulation - genetics

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750