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16 November 2016 : Clinical Research  

There is a Positive Correlation Between Socioeconomic Status and Ovarian Reserve in Women of Reproductive Age

Mert Ulas BarutABCDEFG, Elif AgacayakC, Murat BozkurtAF, Tarık AksuA, Talip GulC

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.897620

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:4386-4392


BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential association between socioeconomic status and ovarian reserve, anti-Mullerian hormone level, antral follicle count, and follicle stimulating hormone level in women of reproductive age.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 101 married women between 20–35 years of age who presented to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Health Research System In Vitro Fertilization (HRS IVF) Center between October 2014 and November 2015 and met the inclusion criteria were included in this study. The participants were divided into three socioeconomic groups using Kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic status scale. Thirty-one participants were assigned to the low socioeconomic status group, 37 to the middle socioeconomic status group, and 33 to the high socioeconomic status group. On days 3–6 of the menstrual cycle, 10 mL of blood was collected from the participants for follicle stimulating hormone and anti-Mullerian hormone measurements. Transvaginal ultrasonography was performed for both ovaries for the purpose of counting antral follicles measuring 2–10 mm in diameter.

RESULTS: Both ovarian reserve parameters, namely anti-Mullerian hormone level and antral follicle count, exhibited a significant association with socioeconomic status (p=0.000 and p=0.000, respectively). The association between follicle stimulating hormone level and socioeconomic status was also significant (p=0.000).

CONCLUSIONS: A low socioeconomic status aggravated by sources of stress such as undernutrition and financial hardships affects ovarian reserve, which should be remembered in approaching infertile patients.

Keywords: Anti-Mullerian Hormone - blood, Estradiol - blood, Fertilization in Vitro - economics, Follicle Stimulating Hormone - blood, Infertility, Female - economics, Menstrual Cycle - physiology, Ovarian Reserve - physiology, Social Class, Ultrasonography, young adult

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750