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07 October 2016 : Animal Research  

Glaucocalyxin A Ameliorates Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Mice by Suppression of Microvascular Thrombosis

Xiaohui LiuABCDEF, Dongzhou XuABCDEF, Yuxin WangBCDEF, Ting ChenBCDEF, Qi WangBCDEF, Jian ZhangBCDE, Tao YouACDEF, Li ZhuACDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.898015

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:3595-3604

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardio-protective roles of glaucocalyxin A (GLA) in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and to explore the underlying mechanism.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion in wild-type C57BL/6J mice was induced by transient ligation of the left anterior descending artery. GLA or vehicle (solvent) was administrated intraperitoneally to the mice before reperfusion started. After 24 h of myocardial reperfusion, ischemic size was revealed by Evans blue/TTC staining. Cardiac function was evaluated by echocardiography and microvascular thrombosis was assessed by immunofluorescence staining of affected heart tissue. We also measured the phosphorylation of AKT, ERK, P-GSK-3β, and cleaved caspase 3 in the myocardium.

RESULTS: Compared to the solvent-treated control group, GLA administration significantly reduced infarct size (GLA 13.85±2.08% vs. Control 18.95±0.97%, p<0.05) and improved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (GLA 53.13±1.11% vs. Control 49.99±1.25%, p<0.05) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) (28.34±0.71% vs. Control 25.11±0.74%, p<0.05) in mice subjected to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. GLA also attenuated microvascular thrombosis (P<0.05) and increased the phosphorylation of pro-survival kinase AKT (P<0.05) and GSK-3β (P<0.05) in the myocardium upon reperfusion injury.

CONCLUSIONS: Administration of GLA before reperfusion ameliorates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice. The cardio-protective roles of GLA may be mediated through the attenuation of microvascular thrombosis.

Keywords: Cardiotonic Agents - pharmacology, Coronary Vessels - physiopathology, Diterpenes, Kaurane - pharmacology, Heart - physiopathology, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Myocardial Ischemia - metabolism, Myocardial Reperfusion Injury - metabolism, Thrombosis - metabolism, Ventricular Function, Left - drug effects

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750