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19 April 2016 : Animal Research  

The Application of Cytidyl Guanosyl Oligodeoxynucleotide Can Affect the Antitumor Immune Response Induced by a Combined Protocol of Cryoablation and Dendritic Cells in Lewis Lung Cancer Model

Mi ZhangACDF, Tianquan YinBDEF, Yuan LuBCDE, Huasong FengBEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.898194

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:1309-1317

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recently, several combined therapeutic strategies and targeted agents have been under investigation for their potential role in lung cancer. The combined administration of dendritic cells (DCs) and immune-adjuvant cytidyl guanosyl oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) after cryosurgery has proven to be an effective strategy for treating lung cancer. However, whether the application of CpG-ODN could affect the therapeutic results remained to be further explored.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Lewis lung cancer (LLC)−bearing mice received cryoablation and injection of ex vivo-cultured DCs into the peritumoral zone. Subsequently, CpG-ODN was administered to experimental animals 6 hours, 12 hours, and 24 hours after DC injection. The mice in the control group received coadministration of DCs and CpG-ODN simultaneously. Therapeutic effects were evaluated by survival rates. The resistance to rechallenge of LLC cell was assessed by lung metastasis and in vitro cytotoxicity of splenocytes. Furthermore, T-cell subsets and multiple cytokines (interleukin [IL]-4, -10, and-12; interferon [IFN]-γ; tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α) in the blood were assessed to elucidate the underlying mechanisms.

RESULTS: Higher ratios of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and higher levels of IL-12, IFN-γ, and TNF-α were found in the blood of the mice that received CpG-ODN therapy 12 h after DC injection. The cytotoxicity potency of the splenocytes of these mice was significantly higher compared with the mice in other groups. Moreover, the mice receiving CpG-ODN therapy 12 h after DC injection showed significantly better resistance to rechallenge. Compared with the mice in other groups, the mice receiving CpG-ODN therapy 12 h after DC injection were superior in survival rates and antimetastatic effects.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that the therapeutic efficacy was closely associated with CpG-ODN administration in the combined therapeutic protocol of cryoablation, DCs, and immune adjuvant. In situ administration of CpG-ODN 12 h after DC injection might be considered the optimum application.

Keywords: Adjuvants, Immunologic - pharmacology, Carcinoma, Lewis Lung - therapy, Combined Modality Therapy, CpG Islands, Cryosurgery - methods, Cytokines - blood, Dendritic Cells - transplantation, Immunotherapy, Adoptive - methods, Interleukin-12 - blood, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Oligodeoxyribonucleotides - pharmacology, Random Allocation, T-Lymphocyte Subsets - drug effects, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - blood

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750