Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

03 December 2016 : Laboratory Research  

Lysine-Specific Demethylase 1 (LSD1) Inhibitor S2101 Induces Autophagy via the AKT/mTOR Pathway in SKOV3 Ovarian Cancer Cells

Shujun Feng1ABCDE, Ye Jin1BF, Mengjiao Cui1FG, Jianhua Zheng1ADEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.898825

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:4742-4748

Abstract

BACKGROUND: S2101 is one of the most potent LSD1 inhibitors, which can inhibit ovarian cancer cells viability. This study aimed to detect the mechanism behind the anticancer properties of S2101 in SKOV3 ovarian cells.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cell viability was tested by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Cellular apoptosis and autophagy were evaluated by flow cytometric analysis using Annexin-V/PI staining methods and Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused-LC3 (GFP-LC3), respectively. Western blotting was performed for analyzing the Bax, Bcl-2, mTOR, p- mTOR, p62, LC3-I, LC3-II, AKT, and p-AKT protein expression.

RESULTS: Our results show that the proportion of early apoptotic and late apoptotic cells increased significantly for cells treated with S2101 at a concentration of 100 μM for 48 h. Treatment of S2101 in SKOV3 cells resulted in upregulation of Bax and downregulation of Bcl-2 in a time-dependent manner, indicating that S2101 can induce apoptosis in SKOV3. There was a downward trend in the expression of p62 when the SKOV3cells were treated with 100 µm S2101 for 12 h, 24 h and 48 h. The conversion of LC3-I to LC3-II was increased significantly at 24 h and 48 h. Autophagy was induced by S2101 in SKOV3 cells, evidenced by an increase in punctuate localization of GFP-LC3 and a change in expression of autophagy-related proteins.

CONCLUSIONS: S2101 treatment decreased the levels of phosphorylated AKT and mTOR. S2101 inhibits SKOV3 cells viability and induces apoptosis and autophagy. The AKT/mTOR signaling pathway was found to be affected by S2101.

Keywords: Autophagy - drug effects, Cell Growth Processes - drug effects, Cell Survival - drug effects, Cyclopropanes - pharmacology, Enzyme Inhibitors - pharmacology, Histone Demethylases - metabolism, Ovarian Neoplasms - pathology, Phenyl Ethers - pharmacology, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt - metabolism, Signal Transduction - drug effects, TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases - metabolism

0 Comments

Editorial

01 October 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938532

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

03 October 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937741

In Press

03 Oct 2022 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Orthodontic Mini-Implant Placement in the Maxillary Anterior Alveolar Region in 15 Patients b...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937949  

30 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Correlation Between Trough Level of Abiraterone and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response in Metastatic ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938091  

30 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Biological Mechanisms of Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937862  

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750