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07 July 2017 : Clinical Research  

A Novel Fast Mobile-Window Small Incision Technique for Hip Arthroplasty in the Elderly and Comparison with Conventional Incision

Junmin Li1AE, Jiayu Xiao1B, Zhongzi Zhang1C, Fu Jia1A*, Zhongxiong Wu1B

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.902028

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:3303-3310

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We deeloped a novel technique – fast mobile-window small incision (FMWSI) – a modification of minimally invasive surgery for total hip arthroplasty, which we believe is particularly suited to elderly patients with hip fractures. The present article aimed to introduce this technique and compare the clinical effects between the FMWSI technique and conventional incision (CI) for hip arthroplasty in elderly patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 240 consecutive patients who underwent hip arthroplasty. Half received total hip arthroplasty and half received hemi hip arthroplasty. The 120 patients in each group were further divided into FMWSI and CI groups. The following parameters were compared between the FMWSI and CI groups: length of incision, operation time, bleeding volume, drainage volume, postoperative ambulation time, and Harris score.

RESULTS: Compared with the CI group, the FMWSI group had a significantly shorter incision length, operation time, and postoperative ambulation time, as well as lower bleeding and drainage volumes, irrespective of whether the treatment was total or hemi hip arthroplasty (P<0.05). However, no significant difference was found in the Harris score between the FMWSI and CI groups (P>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The novel FMWSI technique introduced in this study is a useful method for hip arthroplasty, especially for elderly patients with poor constitutions or tolerance to surgery.

Keywords: Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip, Housing for the Elderly, Incisor

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750