15 August 2017 : Clinical Research
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:3942-3951
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD) refers to a group of upper gastrointestinal syndromes, subdivided into two types: postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and epigastric pain syndrome (EPS). The etiology of FD remains unclear; however, unhealthy dietary habit is one potential underlying cause. We aim to explore the association of poor dietary habits with FD and its subtypes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A validated epidemiological questionnaire was designed to investigate dietary habits and gastrointestinal syndromes. Citizens in the Baotun community of Dongguan were invited to complete the study questionnaire. All participants were asked to undergo a physical examination and a blinded physician interview. The study was conducted from June 2015 to June 2016. FD was diagnosed using ROME III criteria. The association between investigated dietary habits and dyspeptic symptoms were explored.
RESULTS: There were 1,304 adult residents recruited for the study survey; 165 residents had existing organic dyspepsia (OD), 203 residents were diagnosed with FD, and the other 936 participants, who were without dyspeptic symptoms or functional gastrointestinal diseases, were regarded as the control group. Subtype diagnosis indicated 61 participants had EPS, 66 participants had PDS, and 76 participants had coexisting EPS and PDS. Unhealthy dietary habits were more prevalent in the FD group than in the control groups (75.86% versus 37.50%; p<0.001). FD was found to be associated with irregular mealtime, dining out, fatty food, sweet food, and coffee (p<0.05). The impact of each dietary factor varied with FD subtypes.
CONCLUSIONS: Certain types of dietary habits were positively correlated with the prevalence of FD. FD subtypes showed relatively different associations with dietary factors.
Keywords: Abdominal Pain, Dyspepsia, Food Habits
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