Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

18 September 2017 : Animal Research  

Tilianin Post-Conditioning Attenuates Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury via Mitochondrial Protection and Inhibition of Apoptosis

Yangyang Wang12ABCDEF, Yong Yuan1A, Xinchun Wang12ABCDEFG*, Yanfang Wang12C, Jiang Cheng1D, Li Tian12C, Xinhong Guo1C, Dongmei Qin2E, Wenjiang Cao1ABCDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.903259

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4490-4499

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of tilianin in modulating mitochondrial functions and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis during cardio-protection.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury was induced by 30 minutes coronary occlusion followed by two hours reperfusion in Sprague-Dawley rats. To investigate the cardio-protective effects of tilianin, apoptosis was evaluated by TUNEL. Mitochondrial ultrastructure and function were assessed by transmission electron microscopy, dynamics of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening and ATP production in the myocardium; Ca2+ content and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were measured to evaluated the level of damage factors in the mitochondria. The related apoptotic proteins were analyzed through immunoblot.

RESULTS: Pretreatment with tilianin significantly reduced apoptosis after I/R injury in rats (p<0.05). In addition, tilianin could alleviate mitochondrial damage, markedly inhibited mPTP opening and improved ATP production (p<0.05). There was also a significant reduction for content of Ca2+ and ROS in the mitochondria (p<0.01). Apoptosis protein analysis found that treatment with tilianin led to the downregulation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) (p<0.01), and suppressed the leakage of cytochrome c and activation of caspase-3 (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that tilianin can alleviate apoptosis of cardiomyocytes and protect myocardium, possibly via the protection of mitochondria and repression of mitochondrial apoptotic pathways. Mechanistically, inhibition of Ca2+ overload, mPTP opening, and ROS production in mitochondria may explain the observed tilianin-mediated treatment effects.

Keywords: Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial, Mitochondria, Heart

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 February 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Health Concerns as Vaccine-Preventable Infections Including SARS-CoV-2 (JN.1), Influenza, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), and Measles Continue to Rise

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943911

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943911

0:00

In Press

01 Feb 2024 : Review article  

Review of the Evaluation of Pulmonary Hypoplasia as an Important Determinant of Clinical Outcomes in Infant...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943259  

0:00

19 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Diagnostic Accuracy of Ileocolic Artery and Vein Diameter for Acute Appendicitis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943846  

23 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Early Mobilization in Pediatric Critical Care: Exploring the Gap Between Theory and Practice in Saudi Arabia

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942467  

01 Feb 2024 : Review article  

Enhancing Patient Adherence to Newly-Prescribed Medicine for Chronic Diseases: A Comprehensive Review and C...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942923  

Most Viewed Current Articles

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750