Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

07 May 2018 : Clinical Research  

XRCC2 Polymorphisms and Environmental Factors Predict High Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Lijie Wang1ABC, Junxun Ma1CDE, Bo Yang1CDE, Fangfang Jing1EF, Yi Hu1FG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.904935

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR2858-2863

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This case-control study aimed to analyze the association of XRCC2 polymorphisms (rs3218408 and rs3218384) with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. The interaction of XRCC2 polymorphisms with environmental factors was investigated as well.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 147 CRC patients and 114 healthy individuals into the study. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-sequencing method was performed to detect rs3218408 and rs3218384 polymorphisms. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) was checked in the control group. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) represented the risk of CRC. Cross-table method was used in analyzing the interaction effects.

RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the frequency of smokers was much higher in the case group (P<0.001). A similar result was observed in drinkers (55.8% vs. 40.4%, P=0.013). Dietary habits of all subjects were investigated as well, showing that CRC patients ate fewer vegetables than did healthy controls (P<0.001). In the analysis of polymorphisms, rs3218408 appeared to be an independent risk factor of CRC (GG: OR=2.048, 95%CI=1.032-4.061; G allele: OR=1.445, 95%CI=1.019–2.049). There were 68 (76.4%) C allele carriers (rs3218384) among smokers, which was higher than the number of G allele carriers (P<0.001). A similar outcome was observed for alcohol drinkers (P=0.048), which suggests a relationship of rs3218384 with smoking and drinking. Further analysis indicated that interaction of rs3218384 with smoking increased the risk of CRC (GG and smoking: OR=3.250, 95%CI=1.235–8.556; GC+CC and smoking: OR=2.167, 95%CI=1.175–3.996).

CONCLUSIONS: We found that rs3218408 was related with increased risk of CRC, and the interaction of rs3218384 with smoking increased the risk of CRC.

Keywords: Biodegradation, Environmental, Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis, Genes, vif

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Comparative Evaluation of Digital Cephalometric Tracing Applications on Mobile Devices and Manual Tracing

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944628  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Impact of COVID-19-Induced Academic Stress on Insomnia and Suicidal Ideation among Taiwanese Health Trainee...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944932  

Review article  

Impact of Workplace Bullying on Nursing Care Quality: A Comprehensive Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944815  

Clinical Research  

Anterior Plate-Supported Cannulated Screw Surgery for Ankle Arthrodesis: Clinical and Radiologic Results in...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944452  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,882,405

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,538,203

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,402

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,329

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750