Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

27 November 2017 : Clinical Research  

The Effect of Oral Contraceptive Pills on the Macula, the Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer, and Choroidal Thickness

Yusuf Madendag1ABCDF, Gokhan Acmaz1AFG, Mustafa Atas2BCDF, Erdem Sahin1BDEF, Ahter Tanay Tayyar3AEG, Ilknur Çol Madendag1ABCE, Fatma Özdemir4BDF, Vesile Senol5ADFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905183

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:5657-5661

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oral contraceptive pills (OCP) on the macula, the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and choroidal thickness (CT).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 24 healthy women taking monophasic OCP (3 mg drospirenone and 0.03 mg ethinylestradiol) for contraception only for at least one year were compared with a control group of 24 healthy women who were not taking an OCP. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to evaluate the posterior ocular segments, and measurements were taken in the follicular phase (day 3) of the cycle in all women.

RESULTS: No disparity in terms of age and body mass index between the groups was observed (p=0.436, p=0.538, respectively). In comparison of the macular region and CT between groups, we found that all variables except foveal center thickness and CT were significantly thinner in the OCP group. Nasal and temporal inferior parts of the RNFL and average RNFL were significantly slimmer in the study group versus the control group (p=0.013, p=0.018, and p<0.001, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: OCP resulted in several structural changes in the posterior ocular segment. Thus, women using OCP for more than one year may have some eye problems. Therefore, it OCT should be performed for these women. Further clinical trials researching long-period effect of OCP on the eyes are needed.

Keywords: Choroid, Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal, Macula Lutea, Retinal Neurons

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 July 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: The Global Threats of Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance Require New Approaches to Drug Development, Including Molecular Antimicrobial Adjuvants

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945583

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945583

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Gender-Based Variation in Alveolar Bone Thickness of Maxillary Incisor Teeth: A CBCT Retrospective Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944588  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Comparison of Adaptations in the Gastrocnemius Muscle from an Exercise Program with and without Low-Intensi...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944627  

Clinical Research  

Assessment of Digital Dentistry Knowledge and Practices Among Dental Students at King Faisal University, Sa...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944692  

Database Analysis  

Local Government Initiatives: A Comprehensive Analysis of Infertility Diagnostic and Treatment Programs in ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943976  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   3,561,143

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,585,085

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,853

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,667

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750