01 July 2018 : Laboratory Research
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR4536-4546
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of children’s foot shape is essential for podiatric healthcare and footwear design. Differences in foot shapes relative to sex and age were demonstrated among white children; however, no study has examined the foot characteristics of Asian children according to sex and age. This study aimed to analyze the age- and sex-associated differences in foot measurements in Chinese children.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We recruited 1240 boys and 1303 girls from China as participants for the present study. Foot dimensions were recorded by a video filming system, and 12 foot-shape measurements were acquired. One-way ANOVA was used to calculated the changes in measurements with age for boys and girls. Scores were analyzed as raw and normalized to foot length using the independent-samples t test.
RESULTS: Most measurements increased significantly at 7–8 and 8–9 years for girls and 8–9 and 10–11 years for boys. Arch height, instep length, and heel width showed greatest increases for both sexes ages 7–12 years (P<0.05). Sex differences in measurements mainly occurred at 8, 9, and 11 years. When we analyzed the normalized measurements of the same age children, instep length, heel width, ball girth, and instep girth were significantly different between boys and girls (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Sex- and age-associated differences were identified in the foot morphology of the Chinese school-aged children in this study. These differences should be considered when making clinical decisions about normal foot development and manufacturing shoes for Chinese school children.
Keywords: Child, Foot, Growth
01 December 2022 : EditorialEditorial: The World Health Organization (WHO) Fungal Priority Pathogens List in Response to Emerging Fungal Pathogens During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e939088
29 November 2022 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938647
24 November 2022 : Clinical ResearchA Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938665
01 December 2022 : EditorialEditorial: The World Health Organization (WHO) Fungal Priority Pathogens List in Response to Emerging Funga...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e939088
05 Dec 2022 : Database AnalysisImpact of the De Ritis Ratio on the Prognosis of Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Pe...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937737
02 Dec 2022 : Clinical ResearchValue of Early Laparoscopic Exploration for Primary Infertile Patients with Patent Fallopian Tubes Complica...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938637
02 Dec 2022 : Clinical ResearchSingle-Center Study in Lithuania to Evaluate the Role of Transthoracic Impedance Cardiography in the Diagno...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938389
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
01 Nov 2020 : Review articleLong-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996