Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

13 July 2018 : Laboratory Research  

Lysophosphatidic Acid Promotes Expression and Activation of Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) in THP-1 Cells via Toll-Like Receptor 4/Nuclear Factor-κB (TLR4/NF-κB) Signaling Pathway

Zhi-bin Zhou1BCDE, Bo Yang2AEG*, Xiaohao Li3CDF, Hao Liu1BCD, Gang Lei1CDF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.906450

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR4861-4868

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is an active compound of oxidized low-density lipoprotein that serves as an endogenous TLR4 ligand. Ligand activation of TLR4 activates nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and the transcription of NF-κB-regulated inflammatory cytokines, which are involved in the development of atherosclerosis. MMP9 is a member of the MMP family and can affect plaque stability. However, the mechanism responsible for the effect of LPA on the expression and activation of MMP9 has not been fully elucidated. In the present study we examined the effect of LPA on MMP9 expression and activity in THP-1 cells and the involvement of Toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor-κB (TLR4/NF-κB) signaling pathway in this effect.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human THP-1 cells were treated with 0–10 μM LPA for 4 h, or treated with 1 μM LPA for 0–8 h, and were then transfected with TLR4-specific siRNA or treated with 20 μg/ml cafestol acid phenethyl ester (CAPE, an NF-κB inhibitor). MMP9 mRNA and protein levels were measured by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis, respectively, and MMP9 activity was measured by zymography.

RESULTS: LPA upregulated MMP9 mRNA and protein levels and MMP9 activity in THP-1 cells in both concentration- and time-dependent manners. Transfection of cells with TLR4-siRNA-2 or treatment with CAPE significantly inhibited the upregulated MMP9 expression and activation. This inhibition was further enhanced by combining the TLR4-siRNA-2 transfection and CAPE pretreatment.

CONCLUSIONS: LPA can promote MMP9 expression and enhance MMP9 activity in THP-1 cells, in part via the TLR4/NF-kB signaling pathway.

Keywords: Matrix Metalloproteinases, Receptors, Lysophosphatidic Acid, Toll-Like Receptor 4

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 February 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Health Concerns as Vaccine-Preventable Infections Including SARS-CoV-2 (JN.1), Influenza, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), and Measles Continue to Rise

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943911

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943911

0:00

In Press

05 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Effectiveness of Glutamine Oral Care in Reducing Oral Mucositis and Improving Oral Health After Neurosurger...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942585  

02 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Urinary Concentration of Renal Biomarkers in Healthy Term Neonates: Gender Differences in GST-pi Excretion

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942819  

29 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Performance of Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (S-ICD) in Chinese Population with Prima...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942747  

08 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Review of Approaches to the Management of Vertical Dental Root Fractures and Tooth Preservation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943100  

Most Viewed Current Articles

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750