24 April 2018 : Laboratory Research
Overexpression of Myosin Phosphatase Target Subunit 1 (MYPT1) Inhibits Tumor Progression and Metastasis of Gastric CancerFengyong Wang1ADE, Yuanshui Sun1BC*
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR2508-2517
BACKGROUND: Myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) serves as a subgroup of myosin phosphatases, and is frequently low-expressed in human cancers. However, little is known about the effects of MYPT1 in gastric cancer (GC).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our study, MYPT1 expression was detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) in GC tissues, different advanced pathological stages of GC tissues, and preoperative and postoperative patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to measure the overall survival of GC patients. MYPT1 expression was analyzed by qRT-PCR and Western blot assays in GES-1 cells and GC cells. Cell proliferation, cycle, and migration and invasion abilities were detected by CCK-8, flow cytometry, and Transwell assays. E-cadherin, TIMP-2, MMP-2, MMP-9 RhoA, and p-RhoA expressions were assessed by qRT-PCR and Western blot assays in treated SNU-5 cells.
RESULTS: Our results indicated that MYPT1 was down-regulated in GC tissues and cells, and is related to clinical stages and overall survival of GC. Functional research demonstrated that overexpression of MYPT1 can inhibit cell proliferation, cell cycle progression, and migration and invasion of GC cells. Many studies on mechanisms reported that overexpression of MYPT1 dramatically improved the expression levels of cell cycle-related genes (Cyclin D1 and c-myc), significantly increased epithelial marker (E-cadherin) expression, and decreased invasion-associated genes (TIMP-2 and MMP-2) expressions in SNU-5 cells. In addition, we found that MYPT1 suppressed RhoA phosphorylation.
CONCLUSIONS: We verified that MYPT1 inhibits GC cell proliferation and metastasis by regulating RhoA phosphorylation.
Keywords: Myosin-Light-Chain Phosphatase, rhoA GTP-Binding Protein, Stomach Neoplasms, Transcellular Cell Migration
12 September 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Treatment with Dual Incretin Receptor Agonists to Maintain Normal Glucose Levels May Also Maintain Normal Weight and Control Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938365
16 September 2022 : Review articleEffects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141
12 September 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937741
29 August 2022 : Database AnalysisTranscriptome Analysis of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Response in Patients with Severe COVID-19 Reve...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937532
26 Sep 2022 : Clinical ResearchDistribution and Determinants of Plasma Homocysteine Levels in a Preconception Population: A Retrospective ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937987
26 Sep 2022 : Clinical ResearchLatency and Interpeak Interval Values of Auditory Brainstem Response in 73 Individuals with Normal Hearing
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937847
23 Sep 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Role of Ultrasound Radiomics and Its Application and Limitations in the Investigation of Th...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937738
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292