Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

06 June 2018 : Laboratory Research  

Melatonin Treatment Regulates SIRT3 Expression in Early Brain Injury (EBI) Due to Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in a Mouse Model of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH)

Song Yang12CD, Xiuping Chen3BCD, Shengli Li4ABCDEF, Bin Sun5BCF, Chunhua Hang1AEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907734

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR3804-3814

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A mouse model of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) investigated the effects of melatonin treatment on the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of the SIRT3 gene in early brain injury (EBI).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were assigned to three groups: the SAH group; the sham group; and the SAH + melatonin-treated group (intraperitoneal dose, 150 mg/kg). TUNEL was used to study apoptosis of neuronal cells, Western-blot and immunohistochemistry detected expression of Sirt3, Bcl-2, superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), Bax, and cleaved caspase-3. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and a luciferase reporter assay evaluated the effects of melatonin on SIRT3 gene expression. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, reduced glutathione (GSH), and its ratio with oxidized glutathione (GSSG) was measured.

RESULTS: The increase in neurological score and increase in cerebral edema following SAH were reduced in the SAH + melatonin-treated group. Neuronal apoptosis following SAH was reduced in the SAH + melatonin-treated group. Increased levels of SOD2, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3 following SAH were reduced in the SAH + melatonin-treated group; reduced levels of Sirt3 and Bcl-2 following SAH were increased in the SAH + melatonin-treated group. The GSH: GSSG ratio was increased, and the MDA level was decreased when melatonin treatment was used following SAH. Melatonin upregulated SIRT3 expression by increasing the transcription efficiency of the SIRT3 promoter in human glioma cell lines U87 and U251.

CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin provided protection from the effects of EBI following SAH by regulating the expression of murine SIRT3.

Keywords: Brain Injuries, Melatonin, Sirtuin 3, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 July 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: The Global Threats of Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance Require New Approaches to Drug Development, Including Molecular Antimicrobial Adjuvants

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945583

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945583

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Impact of Denture Use on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Yemeni Patients: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944682  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Minimally Invasive versus Traditional Surgery: Efficacy of PELD and PLIF in Treating Pyogenic Spondylodiscitis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943176  

Clinical Research  

Frontal Plane Body Posture as a Predictor of Musculoskeletal Injuries in Amateur Athletes: A Comprehensive ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944810  

Clinical Research  

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Hepatic Arterial Chemotherapy for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma in China...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944526  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   3,861,054

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,585,498

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,905

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,731

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750