22 December 2017 : Laboratory Research
Baicalin Suppresses Hypoxia-Reoxygenation-Induced Arterial Endothelial Cell Apoptosis via Suppressing PKCδ/p53 SignalingXiaoling Shou1ABDE, Bozhong Wang1AD, Rongfang Zhou1AB, Lei Wang1DF, Aihua Ren1ACD, Shangping Xin1CEFG, Liyue Zhu2AFG*
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:6057-6063
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to investigate the protective role of baicalin on vascular endothelium exposed to ischemia reperfusion injury and the involved molecular mechanisms.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cultured human arterial endothelial cells (HAECs) were exposed to hypoxia/deoxygenation (H/R). Cells were also treated with baicalin at serially diluted concentrations. Cells were also treated with PKC activator PEP005 or specific siRNA against protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ). MTT assay was used to evaluate the cell viabilities. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis. The protein phosphorylation and expression levels were determined by Western blotting.
RESULTS: PKCδ-siRNA transfection increased cell viabilities and reduced cell apoptosis in HAECs exposed to H/R. Baicalin treatment preserved cell viabilities and reduced apoptosis of H/R-exposed HAECs in a concentration- dependent manner. Baicalin treatment reduced phosphorylation levels of PKCδ and p53, as well as the expression levels of active caspase3 and bax in HAECs exposed to H/R. The treatment of PKC activator PEP005 impaired the protective effects of baicalin in increasing cell viabilities and reducing apoptosis in HAECs exposed to H/R.
CONCLUSIONS: Baicalin exerts vascular a protective effect on HAECs exposed to H/R by reducing cell apoptosis. The PKCδ/p53 apoptotic signaling pathway was the pharmacological target of baicalin.
Keywords: endothelial cells, Protein Kinase C-delta, Reperfusion Injury
01 February 2023 : EditorialEditorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchEvaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchDetermining the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Care in the Serbian Adult Population: An Online Q...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939238
27 December 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926
03 Feb 2023 : Clinical ResearchTreatment of Gingival Recession Defects with Pouch and Tunnel Technique Using Connective Tissue Graft and L...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938865
02 Feb 2023 : Clinical ResearchOnline Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate the Attitudes and Use of Rubber Dental Dams by Saudi Dental Pr...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938672
02 Feb 2023 : Database AnalysisPrognostic-Related Biomarkers in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Correlating with Immune Infiltrates Based...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938785
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292