Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

08 June 2018 : Clinical Research  

Significance of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) T2 Hyperintense Endo-Vessels Sign in Progressive Posterior Circulation Infarction

Jialiang Xu1ABCDEFG*, Xiaohong Chen1BCDE, Muhui Lin1BDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908300

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: DIA3873-3881

Abstract

BACKGROUND: MRI FLAIR hyperintense vessels sign (FHVs) is a special imaging marker that plays a key role in acute infarction imaging and diagnosis. However, FHVs have not been studied in the context of progressive posterior circulation infarction (PPCI), and little is known about the association of hyperintense endo-vessels sign (HEVs) on transverse section MRI with infarction. Thus, our objective here was to investigate the clinical significance of transverse MRI T2 HEVs in patients with PPCI.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective, case-control study, we enrolled 100 consecutive posterior circulation infarction patients. All the patients underwent head MRI examinations on the onset day and the seventh day after admission. Neurologic deficits of the patients were assessed by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores upon admission and after 7 days. Infarction volume on DWI was compared.

RESULTS: HEVs were detected in 25 of 37 patients in the PPCI group (67.6%) and 22 of 63 patients in the NPPCI group (34.9%). Logistic regression analysis showed that the proportion of HEVs in the PPCI group was higher than in the NPPCI group (P=0.007). Among all the patients, HEVs were detected in 15 of 18 patients (83.3%) with occlusion of the vertebral artery or basilar artery, and 17 of 23 (73.9%) showed severe stenosis. The proportion of vertebrobasilar artery occlusions in the PPCI group was higher than in the NPPCI group (P<0.05). MRI DWI showed that 20 patients had cerebellum infarction among 23 vertebral artery HEVs patients, and 14 patients had brainstem infarction among 15 basilar artery HEVs patients. All of the 9 vertebral and basilar artery HEVs patients had brainstem infarction. The increase in NIHSS scores from baseline to 7 days was significantly greater in patients with HEVs than in patients without HEVs in the PPCI group (P=0.002). The expansion of the infarction size from baseline to 7 days was significantly larger in patients with HEVs than in patients without HEVs in the PPCI group (P=0.037).

CONCLUSIONS: HEVs are frequently detected in patients with vertebrobasilar artery territory infarction, and they can be considered as a special imaging marker for vertebral artery and basilar artery occlusion and severe stenosis. HEVs can indicate whether or not posterior circulation infarction progresses and they may be an independent risk factor of PPCI.

Keywords: Blood Vessels, Infarction, Posterior Cerebral Artery, Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Add Comment 0 Comments

758 5

Editorial

01 December 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Outbreaks of Post-Pandemic Childhood Pneumonia and the Re-Emergence of Endemic Respiratory Infections

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943312

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e943312

0:00

In Press

01 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors and Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 Infection in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Retrospective St...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Review article  

Decoding the Neurological Sequelae of General Anesthesia: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Clinical Research  

Enhanced Pain Relief and Muscle Growth in Individuals with Low Back Instability: The Impact of Blood Flow R...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

29 Nov 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparative Analysis of Intramedullary Nail versus Plate Fixation for Fibula Fracture in Supination Externa...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

0:00

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750