Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

29 July 2018 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy of Caspofungin in Unclassified Invasive Fungal Infection Cases: A Retrospective Analysis of Patients with Hematological Malignancies in China

Xiaohui Zhang1ABE, Jiong Hu2BC, Yu Hu3BC, He Huang4BC, Jie Jin4BC, Juan Li5BC, Qifa Liu6BCF, Zonghong Shao7BCF, Jianxiang Wang8BCD, Quanshun Wang9BCF, Depei Wu10CF, Xiaojun Huang1ABE*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908831

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR5258-5270

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The management of invasive fungal infection (IFI) is challenging in immunocompromised patients who do not fully satisfy the EORTC/MSG diagnostic criteria of proven or probable IFI. Our study assessed caspofungin efficacy in 582 Chinese patients with hematological malignancies exhibiting unclassified signs or symptoms of IFI.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included caspofungin treatment outcomes of an unclassified group A (n=401) of patients without microbiological or biomarker results and group B (n=181) patients with positive microbiological or biomarker results. Factors that correlated with clinical outcomes were determined using univariate and multivariate analyses.

RESULTS: Cough (41.8%), expectoration (29.6%), and chest tightness (14.6%) were the most common clinical features, and changes in CT images (88.1%) were more frequently detected than in X-ray images (19.6%) in all patients. Favorable response rates for caspofungin as first-line treatment were 58.2% for group A and 56.3% for group B. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, cardiovascular disease, hemoptysis, and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1000/mm³ before antifungal treatment without recovery were associated with unfavorable clinical outcome (P<0.05 for all). Cough and ANC recovery >1000/mm3 were significantly associated with favorable (complete or partial resolution) outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: Caspofungin was effective for treating unclassified IFIs of immunocompromised patients. Cardiovascular disease, ECOG score, cough, and/or hemoptysis, as well as ANC count, represent a potential index for estimating response of unclassified IFI patients to caspofungin treatments.

Keywords: Antifungal Agents, Fruiting Bodies, Fungal, Hematologic Neoplasms

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600

0:00

In Press

05 Apr 2024 : Clinical Research  

Comparative Analysis of Transoral Endoscopic Parathyroidectomy Vestibular Approach and Focused Open Surgery...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944128  

05 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Muscular Function Recovery from General Anesthesia in 132 Patients Undergoing Surgery with Acceleromyograph...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942780  

05 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Thermal Insulation on Recovery and Comfort of Patients Undergoing Holmium Laser Lithotripsy

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942836  

05 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Role of Critical Shoulder Angle in Degenerative Type Rotator Cuff Tears: A Turkish Cohort Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943703  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750