Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

10 September 2018 : Laboratory Research  

The Effects of Dracocephalum Heterophyllum Benth Flavonoid on Hypertrophic Cardiomyocytes Induced by Angiotensin II in Rats

Hong Jiang1BCDE*, Chen Zhang1ADFG, Wen He12ACFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908912

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR6322-6330

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dracocephalum heterophyllum Benth flavonoid (DHBF) is a Tibetan and Uighur traditional medicine used to treat various disorders such as hypertension, lung heat, cough, and bronchitis; it has good antioxidant activity. Previous studies have shown that DHBF can reduce blood pressure in renovascular hypertensive rats, improve left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, and improve myocardial contractility. Therefore, we aimed to study the effect of DHBF on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in cultured cells.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured, and hypertrophy was induced by angiotensin II (Ang II), with or without varying concentrations of the DHBF extract. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay was used to assess cell viability, RT-qPCR was used to determine mRNA levels, confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to measure cell surface area and intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i), and colorimetric assays were used to assess nitric oxide (NO) levels and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity.

RESULTS: Ang II treatment of cardiomyocytes reduced cell viability to ~75% that of controls. Ang II treatment also increased cell surface area; increased mRNA expression of c-jun, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC); increased [Ca2+]i; and reduced NOS activity and NO production. DHBF treatment could reverse these effects in a concentration-dependent manner.

CONCLUSIONS: These results showed that DHBF can ameliorate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by Ang II, as indicated by the downregulation of cardiac hypertrophy genes (ANP, BNP, and β-MHC) and reduction in cell surface area. The mechanism may be related to NO release and [Ca2+]I regulation.

Keywords: Angiotensin Amide, Hypertrophy

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 July 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: The Global Threats of Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance Require New Approaches to Drug Development, Including Molecular Antimicrobial Adjuvants

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945583

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945583

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Olfactory Dysfunction as a Marker for Cognitive Impairment in General Paresis of the Insane: A Clinical Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944243  

Clinical Research  

Endoscopic and Microscopic Tympanoplasty for Adhesive Otitis Media: A Comparative Prospective Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945152  

Clinical Research  

Status of Professional Identity, Self-Directed Learning Competence, and Self-Efficacy Among Central Sterile...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944044  

Clinical Research  

Enhanced Postoperative Pain Management and Mobility Following Arthroscopic Knee Surgery: A Comparative Stud...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943735  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   4,462,997

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,599,717

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   691,092

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,889

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750