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21 September 2018 : Laboratory Research  

MicroRNA let-7c-5p Suppressed Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Dental Pulp Inflammation by Inhibiting Dentin Matrix Protein-1-Mediated Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) Pathway In Vitro and In Vivo

Hao Yuan1ABCDEF, Hong Zhang1BDE, Lihua Hong1CD, Hongyan Zhao1CD, Jiafeng Wang1BD, He Li1D, Hongze Che1DE, Zhimin Zhang1AEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.909093

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR6656-6665

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Let-7c-5p is down-regulated in dental pulp tissues in inflammatory disorders. The microRNA (miR) molecule shows an anti-inflammation potential due to its direct regulation of dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP1), which promotes inflammation changes in dental pulp tissues. In the present study, the effect of let-7c-5p on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulpitis was detected and the associated mechanism was explored.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were isolated from rat dental tissues, infected with let-7c-5p lentivirus particles, and subjected to LPS administration to induce inflammation. Then, the effect of let-7c-5p overexpression on LPS-induced impairments on DPSCs were detected and the mechanism was explained by focusing on the DMP1 expression and NF-κB pathway. The role of DMP1 in the anti-inflammation effect of let-7c-5p was assessed by incubating let-7c-5p-expressed DPSCs with DMP1 protein. The results of in vitro assays were verified in LPS-induced rat pulpitis models.

RESULTS: LPS administration increased the production of IL-1β and TNF-α and decreased DPSCs viability by increasing the expression of DMP1 and activating NF-κB pathway. However, the induced expression of let-7c-5p relieved DPSCs from LPS-induced inflammation and suppressed DMP1 as well as NF-κB pathway. The incubation of let-7c-5p-expressed DPSCs with DMP1 protein blocked the effect of let-7c-5p. In in vivo experiments, the injection of let-7c-5p attenuated LPS-induced pulpitis by inhibiting DMP1-mediated NF-κB pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: Findings outlined in the current study demonstrated the dental pulp protecting function of let-7c-5p during LPS-induced inflammation, which was exerted by inhibiting the DMP1-mediated NF-κB pathway.

Keywords: Dental Pulp Diseases, Pulpitis

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750