Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

09 March 2018 : Laboratory Research  

Overexpression of Nitrogen Permease Regulator Like-2 (NPRL2) Enhances Sensitivity to Irinotecan (CPT-11) in Colon Cancer Cells by Activating the DNA Damage Checkpoint Pathway

Shasha Liu1ABCDEF, Bingrong Liu1AFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.909186

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR1424-1433

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide, making it is a serious threat to human health. It is imperative to develop new therapeutics to improve the CRC treatment efficiency. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of NPRL2 in improving sensitivity to CPT-11 in colon cancer cells.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: NPRL2 overexpression was established by transfecting the recombinant lentivirus-encoding NPRL2 gene into HCT116 colon cancer cells. Cell proliferation was identified using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis were examined by flow cytometry. An immunofluorescence staining assay was conducted to examine the expression of γ-H2AX. Wound-healing and Transwell assays were utilized to show cell migration and invasion capability. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins (cleaved caspase-3, caspase-9, cleaved PARP, BAX, and Bcl-2), invasion-related proteins (MMP2, MMP9, p-PI3K, and p-AKT), and DNA damage checkpoint pathway proteins (p-ATM, p-Chk2, Cdc25C, Cdc2, and Cyclin B1) were quantified by Western blotting.

RESULTS: A CCK8 assay revealed that the overexpression of NPRL2 improved the sensitivity of CPT-11 in HCT116 cells (P<0.05). Functionally, NPRL2 overexpression elevated the sensitivity of CPT-11 by preventing colon cancer cell proliferation, cell movement, and invasion, and promoting cell apoptosis and G2/M cell cycle arrest. Mechanistically, NPRL2 overexpression enhanced CPT-11 sensitivity by activating the DNA damage checkpoint pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: NPRL2 overexpression enhances sensitivity to CPT-11 treatment in colon cancer cells, and it may serve as a molecular therapeutic agent to treat patients with CRC.

Keywords: DNA Damage

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 May 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: First Regulatory Approval for Adoptive Cell Therapy with Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) – Lifileucel (Amtagvi)

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944927

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944927

In Press

Database Analysis  

Long-Term Prognosis of Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The Impact of Serum Creatini...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943063  

Database Analysis  

Maternal Exposure to Environmental Air Pollution and Premature Rupture of Membranes: Evidence from Southern...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943601  

Animal Research  

Enhanced Bone Healing Through Systemic Capsaicin Administration: An Experimental Study on Wistar Rats

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942485  

Clinical Research  

Differential Inflammatory Responses in Adult and Pediatric COVID-19 Patients: Implications for Long-Term Co...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944052  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750