Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

27 March 2018 : Clinical Research  

Plasma Levels of Homocysteine and the Occurrence and Progression of Rectal Cancer

Zhi LiuACDEF, Chunhui CuiABC, Xiaoyang WangBE, Alejandro Fernandez-EscobarE, Qunzheng WuE, Kai XuCE, Jiajia MaoB, Minxin JinB, Kexin WangAG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.909217

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR1776-1783


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between plasma levels of homocysteine and the occurrence and progression of rectal cancer.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The 320 study participants included healthy controls (n=80). and patients with rectal tumors (n=240), including 155 patients with rectal cancer, Stage I (n=32), Stage II (n=38), Stage III (n=50), and Stage IV (n=35), and patients with low-risk rectal adenomas (n=31), and high-risk rectal adenomas (n=54). All study participants had fasting blood samples taken, and plasma levels of homocysteine and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were measured and compared. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were prepared to determine whether single, combined, or series levels of the two markers were diagnostic.

RESULTS: A significantly increasing trend in the plasma levels of homocysteine from the healthy controls, to the individuals with low-risk rectal adenoma, high-risk rectal adenoma, and Stage I–IV rectal cancer were found. There were no statistically significant differences in the area under the curve (AUC) between the two single factors of plasma homocysteine and CEA. The AUC showed that the use of combined or parallel measurement of plasma CEA and homocysteine had the greatest diagnostic associations.

CONCLUSIONS: Plasma levels of homocysteine were significantly associated with occurrence and progression of rectal cancer. The combined use of measurement of plasma homocysteine and CEA levels might have the potential to increase the diagnostic efficiency of screening for early rectal cancer.

Keywords: Carcinoembryonic Antigen, homocysteine, Rectal Neoplasms



12 September 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Treatment with Dual Incretin Receptor Agonists to Maintain Normal Glucose Levels May Also Maintain Normal Weight and Control Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)

Ana Luisa Ordóñez-Vázquez, Sofía Murúa Beltrán-Gall, Shreya C. Pal, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic Foundation, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938365

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938365


16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

12 September 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937741  

In Press

26 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Distribution and Determinants of Plasma Homocysteine Levels in a Preconception Population: A Retrospective ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937987  

26 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Latency and Interpeak Interval Values of Auditory Brainstem Response in 73 Individuals with Normal Hearing

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937847  

23 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Role of Ultrasound Radiomics and Its Application and Limitations in the Investigation of Th...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937738  

23 Sep 2022 : Review article  

Review of the Long-Term Outcomes of Guided Bone Regeneration and Autologous Bone Block Augmentation for Ver...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937433  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750