Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

22 July 2018 : Clinical Research  

Clinical and Histological Features of Phospholipase A2 Receptor-Associated and Thrombospondin Type-I Domain-containing 7A-Associated Idiopathic Membranous Nephropathy: A Single Center Retrospective Study from China

Dan Zhang1ABCDEF, Jun Zou1DG, Chong Zhang1B, Wenzhu Zhang2D, Fujun Lin1AG*, Gengru Jiang1A

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.909815

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR5076-5083

Abstract

BACKGROUND: M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) was identified as the major target antigen in idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN). Another target antigen, namely thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A), was recently detected in approximately 10% of non-PLA2R-associated IMN. In this single center retrospective study, clinical and histological features of PLA2R-associated and THSD7A-associated IMN patients were evaluated.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 192 IMN patients, who were receiving no glucocorticoids or immunosuppressant before renal biopsy, were enrolled in this study and followed for a median duration of 25.5 months. IMN with enhanced glomerular PLA2R and THSD7A staining by immunohistochemistry (IHC) were designated as PLA2R-associated IMN and THSD7A-associated IMN respectively. Serum anti-PLA2R and anti-THSD7A antibodies levels were assessed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and indirect immunofluorescence testing in PLA2R-associated and THSD7A-associated IMN.

RESULTS: Of 192 IMN patients, 164 patients (85.4%) had PLA2R-associated IMN and 3 patients (1.6%) had THSD7A-associated IMN. Compared with non-PLA2R-associated IMN patients, the 24-hour urinary protein levels were significantly higher (P=0.008), whereas, the proteinuria remission rates were significantly lower (P=0.03) in PLA2R-associated IMN patients. No pathological differences were found between PLA2R-associated IMN and non-PLA2R-associated IMN. Among 3 THSD7A-associated IMN patients, 1 patient had elevated serum anti-THSD7A antibody levels, which was below detectable levels after achieving partial proteinuria remission with combined glucocorticoid and cyclosporine treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with non-PLA2R-associated IMN patients in our cohort, PLA2R-associated IMN patients presented with more severe proteinuria and lower remission rates after treatment, with no distinct histological differences. Glomerular expression of PLA2R could be a useful marker to indicate the severity, treatment response, and prognosis of IMN.

Keywords: Glomerulonephritis, Membranous, Receptors, Phospholipase A2

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Review article  

Impact of Workplace Bullying on Nursing Care Quality: A Comprehensive Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944815  

Clinical Research  

Anterior Plate-Supported Cannulated Screw Surgery for Ankle Arthrodesis: Clinical and Radiologic Results in...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944452  

Clinical Research  

Elevated Plasma Levels of Growth Arrest Specific 6 (Gas6) Protein in Severe Obesity: Implications for Adipo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944462  

Database Analysis  

Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index (SII) as a Predictor of Short-Term Mortality Risk in Sepsis-Associated A...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943414  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   2,048,648

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,553,068

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,454

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,367

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750