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20 August 2018 : Laboratory Research  

Lapatinib, a Dual Inhibitor of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) and HER-2, Enhances Radiosensitivity in Mouse Bladder Tumor Line-2 (MBT-2) Cells In Vitro and In Vivo

Yi Mu1ACEG, Deyu Sun1ABCDEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.909865

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR5811-5819

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of lapatinib, a dual inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER-2, on the radiosensitivity of murine bladder tumor line-2 (MBT-2) cells in vitro and in vivo.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: MBT-2 cells were pretreated with lapatinib at doses ranging from 200–1,000 nM for 30 min followed by radiation at doses ranging from 2.5–10 Gy for 30 min. A clonogenic assay (colony formation assay) assessed cell survival. Western blot measured phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptor (p-EGFR), phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), and phosphorylated HER-2 (p-HER2) and the apoptosis marker, PARP. The C3H/HeN mouse tumor xenograft model underwent subcutaneous injection of MBT-2 cells; mice were divided into four groups, treated with lapatinib (200 mg/kg), radiation (15 Gy), a combination of both, and with vehicle (control).

RESULTS: Lapatinib pretreatment, combined with radiation, decreased MBT-2 cell survival, and suppressed radiation-activated levels of p-EGFR and p-HER-2. MBT-2 cells treated with a 10 Gy dose of radiation and 1000 nM of lapatinib showed combination index (CI) values of <1 indicating synergy. Increased expression of γ-H2AX, indicated increased apoptosis. In mice with tumor xenografts, a daily dose of lapatinib (200 mg/kg/day) for seven days combined with radiation on the fourth day suppressed tumor growth to a greater degree than radiation alone.

CONCLUSIONS: Lapatinib treatment enhanced the radiation sensitivity in an in vitro and in vivo murine bladder cancer model by decreasing radiation-mediated EGFR and HER-2 activation, and by causing DNA damage leading to cell apoptosis.

Keywords: Genes, erbB-1, Genes, erbB-2

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750