Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

05 September 2018 : Laboratory Research  

Calycosin, a Phytoestrogen Isoflavone, Induces Apoptosis of Estrogen Receptor-Positive MG-63 Osteosarcoma Cells via the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase (PI3K)/AKT/Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) Pathway

Haitao Sun1DFG, Mengfan Yin2BCD, Weiqing Qian3CD, Hong Yin4AEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.910201

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR6178-6186

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone malignancy and often presents at an early age. Calycosin is a phytoestrogen isoflavone, which has previously been reported to inhibit tumor cell growth. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of calycosin on apoptosis of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive and ER-negative human osteosarcoma cell lines and tumor xenografts in mice.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cultured ER-positive MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells and ER-negative U2-OS human osteosarcoma cells were treated with increasing doses of calycosin (0, 25, 50, and 100 μm). Cell viability and apoptosis were studied by an MTT assay and flow cytometry. Western blot measured the expression levels of the apoptosis-related protein p-PI3K, p-Akt, and p-mTOR in MG-63 cells, with and without pretreatment with the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, the AKT inhibitor, MK-2206, or the mTOR inhibitor, rapamycin. MG-63 tumor-bearing nude mice were used to evaluate the effects of treatment with calycosin.

RESULTS: Calycosin treatment inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in MG-63 cells, but had no effect on U2-0S cells. In MG-63 cells, calycosin treatment increased the expression of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway proteins; inhibitor assays showed that expression of the PI3K protein was most strongly associated with the antitumor effects of calycosin. In the nude mouse MG-63 tumor xenografts, calycosin inhibited tumor growth and regulated the expression levels of apoptosis-related PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway proteins.

CONCLUSIONS: The phytoestrogen, calycosin, induced apoptosis of cells of the ER-positive osteosarcoma cell line, MG-63, via the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, with these effects being mainly due to PI3K.

Keywords: Estrogen Receptor alpha

0 Comments

Editorial

01 August 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Long-Term Effects of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and the Changing Pathogenesis of Common Childhood Viruses Driven by the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937927

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937927

In Press

12 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors and Pathogen Spectrum in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis-Associated Peritonitis: A S...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937112  

11 Aug 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Optimal Surgical Treatment Method for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture: Results from a Network Meta-Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937118  

10 Aug 2022 : Review article  

Programmed Cell Death in Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Apoptosis, Autophagy, and Necroptosis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937766  

10 Aug 2022 : Database Analysis  

Use and Effects of Augmentation of Labor with Oxytocin: A Single-Center, Retrospective, Case-Control Study ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937557  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750