19 October 2018 : Laboratory Research
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR7451-7458
BACKGROUND: The improper invasion of trophoblast cells (TC) can cause various diseases. BRCT-repeat inhibitor of hTERT expression (BRIT1) is involved in the invasion of tumors. Here, we analyzed the effects of BRIT1 on the invasion of TC.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression of BRIT1 in JEG-3, B6Tert, and HTR8/SVneo cells was evaluated by transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting. The viability, invasion, and migration of HTR8/SVneo cells were measured using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and Transwell assays. The activities of pro-matrix metalloproteinase-2 (pro-MMP-2) and pro-MMP-9 were tested by gelatin zymography assay. The levels of invasion- and Wnt/β-catenin pathway-related factors were assessed by RT-qPCR and Western blotting.
RESULTS: Levels of BRIT1 in HTR8/SVneo cells were higher than that of JEG-3 and B6Tert cells. The transfection efficiency of BRIT1 siRNA-2 was better than BRIT1 siRNA-1 in HTR8/SVneo cells. BRIT1 siRNA-2 did not change cell viability, whereas it promoted cell invasion and migration. BRIT1 siRNA-2 enhanced the activities of pro-MMP-2 and pro-MMP-9, as well MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels, and reduced tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) and TIMP-2 expression. Moreover, BRIT1 siRNA-2 significantly increased the levels of Wnt2, Wnt3, and β-catenin.
CONCLUSIONS: BRIT1 silencing accelerated the invasion and migration of TC and activated the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Our results may provide new insights for finding new molecular targets to cure disease caused by insufficient invasion of TC.
Keywords: Trophoblastic Neoplasms, Wnt Signaling Pathway
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