28 September 2018 : Clinical Research
Correlation of T Cell Immunoglobulin and ITIM Domain (TIGIT) and Programmed Death 1 (PD-1) with Clinicopathological Characteristics of Renal Cell Carcinoma May Indicate Potential Targets for TreatmentXin Hong12ABCDEF, Xiaofeng Wang2BCD, Tian Wang2BCD, Xu Zhang3AF*
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR6861-6872
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the correlation of programmed death 1 (PD-1) and T cell immunoglobulin and ITIM domain (TIGIT) with clinicopathological characteristics of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and explored the biological roles of both proteins in the development, metastasis, and invasion of RCC.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expressions of PD-1 and TIGIT were detected in the RCC and adjacent normal tissues, and their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics of RCC, relationship between PD-1 and TIGIT in RCC, and the correlation of PD-1 and TIGIT expression with distance of adjacent normal tissues to RCC were further evaluated.
RESULTS: TIGIT and PD-1 expression was detectable in the immune cells of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and lymphoid tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, and TIGIT expression was significantly higher than PD-1 expression in the same sample. Cells with transparent cytoplasm were diffuse, and several cells showed dark nuclear staining with mild atypia; the interstitium was rich in blood vessels and had mild fibrous hyperplasia, and immunofluorescence staining showed cells were positive for TIGIT. The expression of PD-1 and TIGIT was significantly different between RCC and adjacent normal tissues (P<0.05). Positive PD-1 expression was closely related to tumor size and Fuhrman grade (P<0.05). The expression of TIGIT and PD-1 was related to the distance of adjacent normal tissues to RCC (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The activation of PD-1 and TIGIT may exert negative regulatory effects and inhibit the immune response to cancer cells, resulting in immune escape of cancer cells. Both PD-1 and TIGIT may serve as potential targets for the treatment of RCC.
Keywords: Carcinoma, Renal Cell, Immunoglobulin Allotypes
01 August 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Long-Term Effects of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and the Changing Pathogenesis of Common Childhood Viruses Driven by the COVID-19 Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937927
12 Aug 2022 : Clinical ResearchRisk Factors and Pathogen Spectrum in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis-Associated Peritonitis: A S...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937112
11 Aug 2022 : Meta-AnalysisOptimal Surgical Treatment Method for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture: Results from a Network Meta-Analysis
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937118
10 Aug 2022 : Review articleProgrammed Cell Death in Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Apoptosis, Autophagy, and Necroptosis
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937766
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292