Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

25 July 2018 : Animal Research  

Chlamydial Plasmid-Encoded Protein pGP3 Inhibits Development of Psoriasis-Like Lesions in Mice

Shuping Hou1BCG, Rong Xu1E, Congzhong Zhu2F, Shijun Shan1D, Long Han1B, Huiping Wang1A*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.910472

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS5159-5167


BACKGROUND: The anti-microbial protein cathelicidin LL-37 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis by inducing inflammation. Our previous study showed that the chlamydial plasmid-encoded protein pGP3 forms a stable complex with LL-37 to neutralize its pro-inflammatory activity. Here, we explored whether pGP3 can inhibit the development of lesions in mice with imiquimod-induced psoriasis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The protein pGP3 was expressed in bacteria and purified using glutathione-conjugated agarose beads and a precision protease. The ability of the purified pGP3 to block chemotaxis mediated by LL-37 was tested in vitro using bone marrow-derived neutrophils. The ability of the protein to inhibit the development of psoriasis-like lesions was tested by topically or subcutaneously administering pGP3 in doses of 10 or 50 μg to mice previously treated with imiquimod. Mouse skin was evaluated using the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score and photography. Skin biopsies were taken on day 8 and analyzed histologically.

RESULTS: Purified pGP3 inhibited LL-37-mediated chemotaxis. Mice treated with 50 μg pGP3 showed clinical improvement with less severe erythema, infiltration, and scales; these mice also showed thinner dermis and less hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, and inflammatory cell infiltration than mice treated with without 10 μg pGP3.

CONCLUSIONS: PGP3 can inhibit the development of psoriasis-like lesions in mice, possibly through its ability to bind LL-37. Future work should examine the mechanisms underlying this therapeutic effect.

Keywords: Psoriasis

Add Comment 0 Comments

1007 7


01 December 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Outbreaks of Post-Pandemic Childhood Pneumonia and the Re-Emergence of Endemic Respiratory Infections

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943312

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e943312


In Press

08 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Influenza Vaccine Uptake and Health Awareness: A Cross-Sectional Questionnaire-Based St...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

04 Dec 2023 : Animal Research  

Effects of Intrathecal Ketamine on Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Mech...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

01 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors and Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 Infection in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Retrospective St...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Review article  

Decoding the Neurological Sequelae of General Anesthesia: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750