Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

16 September 2018 : Clinical Research  

Identification of the Risk HLA-A Alleles and Autoantigen in Han Chinese Vitiligo Patients and the Association of CD8+T Cell Reactivity with Disease Characteristics

Xiuli Yi1ABCDEF, Tingting Cui1BCDEF, Shuli Li1BCDF, Yuqi Yang1BCDF, Jiaxi Chen1BCD, Sen Guo1BCD, Zhe Jian1AEF, Chunying Li1AFG, Tianwen Gao1AFG, Ling Liu1ACDF, Kai Li1AFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.910515

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR6489-6497


BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have implicated a role for CD8+T cell-mediated immune response to autoantigens in vitiligo. However, the antigen-specific T lymphocyte reactivity against the peptide epitopes is diverse among different world populations. This study aimed to identify the risk HLA-A allele in vitiligo and study CD8+ T cell reactivity to 5 autoantigenic peptides in Han Chinese populations, and to analyze the association of CD8+ T cell reactivity with disease characteristics.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The risk HLA-A allele was analyzed by case-control study. Enzyme linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay was used to compare T cell reactivity to the 5 autoantigenic peptides between vitiligo patients and healthy controls, then we analyzed the association of CD8+ T cell reactivity to 2 positive peptides with disease activity and area of skin lesions.

RESULTS: The results indicated that the most frequent allele in the Han Chinese vitiligo patients was the HLA-A*02: 01 allele with a significantly higher frequency compared to controls (20.20% versus 13.79%, P=6.64×10–5). The most frequently encountered epitopes were 2 gp100 modified peptides, IMDQVPFSV and YLEPGPVTV, whereas a weak T cell reactivity against tyrosinase and Melan-A/MART-1 were evaluated. Moreover, we demonstrated that T cell reactivity against the 2 positive peptides was significantly associated with disease characteristics including disease activity and area of skin lesions.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that the HLA-A*02: 01 allele was the major risk HLA-A allele, and 2 gp100 modified peptides were identified as autoantigens and were found to be closely related to disease characteristics which might play a critical role in Han Chinese vitiligo patients.

Keywords: Autoantigens, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, HLA-A Antigens, Vitiligo

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 July 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: The Global Threats of Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance Require New Approaches to Drug Development, Including Molecular Antimicrobial Adjuvants

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945583

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945583


In Press

Clinical Research  

Assessment of Digital Dentistry Knowledge and Practices Among Dental Students at King Faisal University, Sa...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944692  

Database Analysis  

Local Government Initiatives: A Comprehensive Analysis of Infertility Diagnostic and Treatment Programs in ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943976  

Clinical Research  

Gender-Specific Risk Factors for Asymmetric Bone Density in Adult Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis: A Retrospe...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944137  

Review article  

Innovative Approaches to Enhance and Measure Medication Adherence in Chronic Disease Management: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944605  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   3,672,994

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,585,207

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,865

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,699

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750