Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

14 October 2018 : Clinical Research  

Transforming Growth Factor β1 (TGF-β1) Appears to Promote Coronary Artery Disease by Upregulating Sphingosine Kinase 1 (SPHK1) and Further Upregulating Its Downstream TIMP-1

Shoudong Wang1ADE, Qing Zhang1BC, Yingcui Wang1BD, Beian You1CDE, Qingfeng Meng1AB, Sen Zhang2BDE, Xuanlong Li2BDE, Zhiming Ge1BEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.910707

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR7322-7328

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is involved in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD), but the mechanism of its action remains unclear. Our study aimed to investigate the role of TGF-β1 in CAD and to explore the possible mechanisms.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 60 CAD patients and 54 healthy people were included in this study. Blood samples were drawn from each participant to prepare serum. ELISA was utilized to measure serum level of TGF-β1. TGF-β1 expression vector, TGF-β1 siRNA, and TIMP-1 siRNA were transfected into human primary coronary artery endothelial cell (HCAEC) line cells, and expression of TGF-β1 sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1) and TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 1 (TIMP-1) was detected by Western blot. Cell apoptosis was detected by MTT assay.

RESULTS: Serum level of TGF-β1 was specifically higher in patients with CAD than in healthy controls. Serum levels of active TGF-β1 can be used to effectively distinguish CAD patients from healthy controls. TGF-β1 overexpression promoted the apoptosis of HCAEC and TGF-β1 siRNA silencing inhibited the apoptosis of HCAEC. TGF-β1 overexpression also promoted the expression of SPHK1 and TIMP-1. SPHK1 overexpression upregulated TIMP-1 but it showed no significant effects on TGF-β1. TIMP-1 overexpression showed no significant effects on TGF-β1 or SPHK1. SPHK1 inhibitor and TIMP-1 silencing reduced the enhancing effects of TGF-β1 overexpression on cell apoptosis.

CONCLUSIONS: TGF-β1 appears to promote CAD through the induction of cell apoptosis by upregulating SPHK1 expression and further upregulating its downstream TIMP-1.

Keywords: Coronary Disease, Gene Expression Regulation, Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta

0 Comments

Editorial

01 August 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Long-Term Effects of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and the Changing Pathogenesis of Common Childhood Viruses Driven by the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937927

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937927

In Press

12 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors and Pathogen Spectrum in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis-Associated Peritonitis: A S...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937112  

11 Aug 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Optimal Surgical Treatment Method for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture: Results from a Network Meta-Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937118  

10 Aug 2022 : Review article  

Programmed Cell Death in Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Apoptosis, Autophagy, and Necroptosis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937766  

10 Aug 2022 : Database Analysis  

Use and Effects of Augmentation of Labor with Oxytocin: A Single-Center, Retrospective, Case-Control Study ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937557  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750