15 July 2018 : Laboratory Research
miR-145-5p Inhibits Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells (VSMCs) Proliferation and Migration by Dysregulating the Transforming Growth Factor-b Signaling CascadeLi Li1ACE, Dingbiao Mao2CDF, Cheng Li2BCDF, Ming Li2ACEFG*
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR4894-4904
BACKGROUND: There is accumulating evidence demonstrating that microRNAs (miRNA) play essential roles in proliferation, migration, and invasion of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, the exact function of these molecules and the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. In this study, we defined the role of miR-145-5p in VSMCs.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study used the PDGF-bb-induced VSMCs proliferation model. Expression of miR-145-5p and its target, Smad4, were detected and measured by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis. The luciferase reporter of miR-145-5p was used to elucidate miRNA-target interactions. The functions of miR-145-5p in proliferation and migration were detected by CCK-8 assay, Transwell assay, and scratch test.
RESULTS: This study demonstrates that miR-145-5p is downregulated in PDGF-mediated VSMCs in both time- and dose-dependent manners. The in vitro results suggest that overexpression of miR-145-5p results in a reduction in SMAD4 and an increase in SMAD2, Smad3, and TGF-β at the mRNA and protein levels. Overexpression of miR-145-5p inhibited PDGF-induced VSMCs proliferation and migration. Moreover, SMAD4 was identified as a direct target of miR-145-5p and is involved in PDGF-mediated VSMC proliferation. Downstream factors such as Smad2, Smad3, and TGF-β were also influenced by miR-145-5p.
CONCLUSIONS: We identify miR-145-5p as a novel regulator of VSMC. Moreover, miR-145-5p inhibits VSMCs proliferation and migration by directly targeting Smad4 and dysregulating the transforming growth factor-β signaling cascade, including Smad2, Smad3, and TGF-β.
Keywords: Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Transforming Growth Factor beta
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