Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

24 November 2018 : Animal Research  

Protective Effects of Astragaloside IV Combined with Budesonide in Bronchitis in Rats by Regulation of Nrf2/Keap1 Pathway

Zhijie Zhang1ABCE, Xiaoyan Cheng2BDE, Dongjian Ge1CDEG, Shanshan Wang3CFG, Bin Qi1ACF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911150

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS8481-8488

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of astragaloside IV and budesonide on bronchitis in rats and to explore the mechanism involved.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, including a Bronchitis model group (BM), a Budesonide group (BG), an Astragaloside IV group (AG), an Astragaloside IV combined with Budesonide group (CG), and a blank control group (BC). Lung tissue was stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E). The activity of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The nuclear factor erythroid 2 [NF-E2]-related factor 2 (Nrf2), Kelch-like erythroid cell-derived protein with CNC homology [ECH]-associated protein 1 (Keap1), BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1), B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), and BCl-2-associated X protein (Bax) mRNA and protein were examined by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively.

RESULTS: Compared with the Bronchitis model group, the lung tissue lesions in the Budesonide group, Astragaloside IV group, and Astragaloside IV combined with Budesonide group were effectively ameliorated and the airway resistance was significantly decreased. The activities of SOD, GSH-Px, and CAT were increased after treatment with drugs, while the content of MDA was decreased. The levels of Nrf2, Keap1, and Bcl-2 proteins were increased and the levels of Bach1 and Bax were decreased after treatment with Budesonide and Astragaloside IV.

CONCLUSIONS: Astragaloside IV combined with budesonide can ameliorate the lesions caused by bronchitis in rats through activating the Nrf2/Keap1 pathway, which plays a protective role on anti-oxidative stress injury.

Keywords: Bronchitis

0 Comments

Editorial

12 September 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Treatment with Dual Incretin Receptor Agonists to Maintain Normal Glucose Levels May Also Maintain Normal Weight and Control Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)

Ana Luisa Ordóñez-Vázquez, Sofía Murúa Beltrán-Gall, Shreya C. Pal, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic Foundation, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938365

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938365

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

12 September 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937741  

In Press

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

26 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Distribution and Determinants of Plasma Homocysteine Levels in a Preconception Population: A Retrospective ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937987  

26 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Latency and Interpeak Interval Values of Auditory Brainstem Response in 73 Individuals with Normal Hearing

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937847  

23 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Role of Ultrasound Radiomics and Its Application and Limitations in the Investigation of Th...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937738  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750