Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

18 July 2018 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors for Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Critically Ill Patients

Guo Litao1ABCDEF*, Sun Jingjing1ABDEF, Liu Yu1ACEF, Zhang Lei1ACDF, He Xiaona1ABDF, Zhu Zhijing1ADEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911308

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR5000-5007


BACKGROUND: We analyzed the factors related to AAD to inform the rational use of antibiotics in critically ill patients and to reduce the incidence of AAD by providing a reference for antibiotic use in the clinical setting.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of the clinical data of patients who were hospitalized in the ICU of the First Teaching Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2016. Patients with AAD were assigned to the case group, and all others were assigned to the control group. Basic data were collected for all the selected patients. All the relevant data were analyzed with univariate or multivariate regression analyses, and P<0.05 was considered statistical significance.

RESULTS: A total of 293 patients were enrolled. Statistical analyses showed that gender (OR 1.915; 95% [CI] 1.061–3.455; P=0.031), parenteral nutrition (OR 1.877; 95% [CI] 1.043–3.377; P=0.036), preventive use of probiotics (OR 0.497; 95% [CI] 0.285–0.866; P=0.014), APACHE II score upon admission to the ICU (OR 0.961; 95% [CI] 0.927–0.998; P=0.037) and use of enzyme-inhibitor antibiotics (OR 1.899; 95% [CI] 1.044–3.420; P=0.016) were associated with AAD. Further subgroup analysis by gender showed that parenteral nutrition (OR 2.144; 95% [CI] 1.064–4.322; P=0.033), preventive use of probiotics (OR 0.367; 95% [CI] 0.186–0.722; P=0.004), and APACHE II score upon admission to the ICU (OR 1.055; 95% [CI] 1.011–1.101; P=0.014) were associated with AAD in critically ill male patients. Age (OR 0.975; 95% [CI] 0.951–0.999; P=0.041) and use of carbapenem antibiotics (OR 4.826; 95% [CI] 1.011–23.030; P=0.048) were associated with AAD in critically ill female patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Parenteral nutrition, prophylactic use of probiotics, use of enzyme-inhibitor antibiotics, and use of combinations of antibiotics were associated with AAD in critically ill patients. The prophylactic use of probiotics may be a protective factor in AAD.

Keywords: Antifungal Agents, Clostridium difficile, diarrhea, Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 July 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: The Global Threats of Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance Require New Approaches to Drug Development, Including Molecular Antimicrobial Adjuvants

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945583

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945583


In Press

Clinical Research  

Prognostic Impact of Tumor-Infiltrating Immune Cells on Efficacy of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients wi...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943170  

Clinical Research  

Impact of Denture Use on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Yemeni Patients: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944682  

Clinical Research  

Minimally Invasive versus Traditional Surgery: Efficacy of PELD and PLIF in Treating Pyogenic Spondylodiscitis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943176  

Clinical Research  

Frontal Plane Body Posture as a Predictor of Musculoskeletal Injuries in Amateur Athletes: A Comprehensive ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944810  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   3,861,054

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,585,498

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,905

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,731

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750