18 July 2018 : Clinical Research
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR5000-5007
BACKGROUND: We analyzed the factors related to AAD to inform the rational use of antibiotics in critically ill patients and to reduce the incidence of AAD by providing a reference for antibiotic use in the clinical setting.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of the clinical data of patients who were hospitalized in the ICU of the First Teaching Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2016. Patients with AAD were assigned to the case group, and all others were assigned to the control group. Basic data were collected for all the selected patients. All the relevant data were analyzed with univariate or multivariate regression analyses, and P<0.05 was considered statistical significance.
RESULTS: A total of 293 patients were enrolled. Statistical analyses showed that gender (OR 1.915; 95% [CI] 1.061–3.455; P=0.031), parenteral nutrition (OR 1.877; 95% [CI] 1.043–3.377; P=0.036), preventive use of probiotics (OR 0.497; 95% [CI] 0.285–0.866; P=0.014), APACHE II score upon admission to the ICU (OR 0.961; 95% [CI] 0.927–0.998; P=0.037) and use of enzyme-inhibitor antibiotics (OR 1.899; 95% [CI] 1.044–3.420; P=0.016) were associated with AAD. Further subgroup analysis by gender showed that parenteral nutrition (OR 2.144; 95% [CI] 1.064–4.322; P=0.033), preventive use of probiotics (OR 0.367; 95% [CI] 0.186–0.722; P=0.004), and APACHE II score upon admission to the ICU (OR 1.055; 95% [CI] 1.011–1.101; P=0.014) were associated with AAD in critically ill male patients. Age (OR 0.975; 95% [CI] 0.951–0.999; P=0.041) and use of carbapenem antibiotics (OR 4.826; 95% [CI] 1.011–23.030; P=0.048) were associated with AAD in critically ill female patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Parenteral nutrition, prophylactic use of probiotics, use of enzyme-inhibitor antibiotics, and use of combinations of antibiotics were associated with AAD in critically ill patients. The prophylactic use of probiotics may be a protective factor in AAD.
Keywords: Antifungal Agents, Clostridium difficile, diarrhea, Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous
01 February 2023 : EditorialEditorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchEvaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchDetermining the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Care in the Serbian Adult Population: An Online Q...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939238
27 December 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926
07 Feb 2023 : Clinical ResearchApplication of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Guidance in Lumbar Transforaminal Endoscopic Surgery for Puncture...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937692
07 Feb 2023 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Polylactic Acid Membrane on Guided Bone Regeneration in Anterior Maxillary Implantation
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938566
06 Feb 2023 : Clinical ResearchDouble C-Arm Digital Subtraction Angiography Guidance During Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938912
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292