Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

11 November 2018 : Laboratory Research  

Silencing the FOLR2 Gene Inhibits Cell Proliferation and Increases Apoptosis in the NCI-H1650 Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cell Line via Inhibition of AKT/Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR)/Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinase 1 (S6K1) Signaling

Xiaohua Xu1AB, Jianyang Jiang1BC, Lijuan Yao2CD, Bing Ji3EF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911384

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR8064-8073

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The FOLR2 gene encodes folate receptor-beta (FR-beta), which is expressed by tumor-associated macrophages. The effects of FOLR2 gene expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of FOLR2 gene expression and gene silencing in human NSCLC cell lines and normal human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells in vitro.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were performed to detect the expression of the FOLR2 gene, cell cycle and apoptosis-associated genes in normal HBE cells and the NSCLC cell lines, A549, NCI-H1299, NCI-H1650, and NCI-H460. Using small interfering RNA (siRNA), or silencing RNA, FOLR2 gene silencing was performed for NCI-H1650 cells. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to measure cell viability. Cell cycle and apoptosis were determined using flow cytometry. Western blot evaluated the expression of Akt, mTOR, and S6K1 signaling.

RESULTS: Expression of the FOLR2 gene was increased in NSCLC cells compared with normal HBE cells. Silencing of the expression of the FOLR2 gene in NCI-H1650 cells reduced cell viability, increased cell apoptosis, and arrested cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle, decreased the expression of cyclin D1, upregulated expression of cell cycle inhibitors, p21 and p27, upregulated the expression of Bax/Bcl-2, and inhibited phosphorylation of AKT, mTOR, and S6K1.

CONCLUSIONS: Silencing of the FOLR2 gene inhibited phosphorylation of AKT, mTOR, and S6K1, inhibited cell proliferation and increased apoptosis in the NCI-H1650 human NSCLC cell line.

Keywords: Folate Receptor 2

0 Comments

Editorial

01 February 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

10 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647

In Press

02 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Online Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate the Attitudes and Use of Rubber Dental Dams by Saudi Dental Pr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938672  

02 Feb 2023 : Database Analysis  

Prognostic-Related Biomarkers in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Correlating with Immune Infiltrates Based...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938785  

01 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of 3 Enzyme-Linked Immunoassay Methods to Evaluate Serum Concentrations of Infliximab and Antibo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939084  

31 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Balloon Dilation Eustachian Tuboplasty Combined with Tympanotomy Tube Insertion for Treatment of Refractory...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938879  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750