24 December 2018 : Clinical Research
Effect of Resistance Exercise on Serum Osteoprotegerin Levels and Insulin Resistance in Middle-Aged Women with Metabolic SyndromeSun Hur1AFG, Sung-Hyoun Cho2CD, Bo-Kyung Song3DF, Byung-Jun Cho4BCE*
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR9385-9391
BACKGROUND: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a soluble glycoprotein that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily. OPG is mainly secreted by bone. The relationship between acute resistance training, serum OPG levels and metabolic syndrome, including insulin resistance, remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of resistance exercise on serum OPG levels and insulin resistance in middle-aged women with metabolic syndrome.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four middle-aged women were divided into those with metabolic syndrome (n=12) and a normal control group without metabolic syndrome or insulin resistance (n=12). Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) criteria. The quantitative insulin-sensitivity check index (QUICKI) and the homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) index for assessing beta-cell function and insulin resistance were used. The intensity of the resistance exercise was 60–70% of the repetition maximum, for 40 minutes with 10–12 repetitions, performed three times per week. Venous blood samples were tested using standard laboratory procedures.
RESULTS: Before exercise, the metabolic syndrome group showed a significant increase in waist circumference (P=0.030) and serum triglyceride (TG) (P=0.014), and lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) (P=0.010) compared with the control group. After the eight-week resistance exercise program, waist circumference, and the QUICKI decreased and OPG levels were significantly increased in the metabolic syndrome group compared with the normal control group.
CONCLUSIONS: A resistance exercise program was effective in reducing factors associated with metabolic syndrome including insulin resistance and increases serum levels of OPG in middle-aged women.
Keywords: Exercise, Insulin Resistance, Metabolic Syndrome X, Osteoprotegerin
01 March 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Global Surveillance of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Poultry, Wild Birds, and Mammals to Prevent a Human Influenza Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939968
03 March 2023 : Database AnalysisReinfections from SARS-CoV-2: A Retrospective Study from the Gyncentrum Genetic Laboratory in Sosnowiec, Po...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939452
09 February 2023 : Clinical ResearchEvaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e938892
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchDetermining the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Care in the Serbian Adult Population: An Online Q...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939238
27 December 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926
21 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchEfficacy of Direct Anterior Approach Versus Posterior Lateral Approach for Total Hip Replacement in Patient...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939682
21 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchIntraoperative Hypotension and Its Association with Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury in Patients Undergoin...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938945
20 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchManagement of Unstable C1 Fractures Involving the Lateral Mass: Posterior C1-C2 Screw-Rod Fixation and Fusion
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938600
17 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchRelationship Between Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Axial Length in Children
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939451
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Jan 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952