Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

19 December 2018 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Study to Compare Superb Microvascular Imaging with Grayscale Ultrasound and Color Doppler Flow Imaging of Vascular Distribution and Morphology in Thyroid Nodules

Yi-Cheng Zhu1ABCEF, Yuan Zhang1DFG*, Shu-Hao Deng1BCD, Quan Jiang1CDG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911695

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR9223-9231

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare superb microvascular imaging (SMI) with grayscale ultrasound (US) and color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) to evaluate vascular distribution and morphology to distinguish between benign and malignant thyroid nodules.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-one patients with 76 thyroid nodules underwent grayscale US, CDFI, and SMI thyroid imaging. CDFI and SMI assessed vascular quantity, morphology, and distribution, and was graded according to Adler’s method, as absent (grade 0), minimal (grade 1), moderate (grade 2), or marked (grade 3). The detection of malignancy was compared between the following imaging groups, grayscale US alone, US combined with CDFI, and US combined with SMI.

RESULTS: SMI was significantly more accurate in identifying malignant thyroid nodules (79.3%) compared with CDFI (55.2%) (P<0.001). In malignant thyroid nodules, penetrating blood vessels were identified by SMI in 62.1% and by CDFI in 41.4%; there was no significant difference in vascular distribution between SMI (P=0.835) and CDFI (P=0.806). Grayscale US with SMI resulted in the greatest diagnostic sensitivity, accuracy, and specificity (86.21%, 85.53%, and 85.11%) compared with grayscale US with CDFI (75.86%, 82.89%, and 87.23%). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area under the curve (AUC) values of US with SMI, US with CDFI, and US alone were 0.918 (95% CI, 0.856–0.979), 0.911 (95% CI, 0.849–0.973), and 0.847 (95% CI, 0.762–0.932), respectively (P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: SMI as an adjunct to grayscale US provided significantly more information on vascularity associated with malignancy in thyroid nodules, when compared with grayscale US or with US and CDFI.

Keywords: Microvessels, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

0 Comments

Editorial

12 September 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Treatment with Dual Incretin Receptor Agonists to Maintain Normal Glucose Levels May Also Maintain Normal Weight and Control Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)

Ana Luisa Ordóñez-Vázquez, Sofía Murúa Beltrán-Gall, Shreya C. Pal, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic Foundation, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938365

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938365

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

30 September 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532  

16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

12 September 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937741  

In Press

30 Sep 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532  

30 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Correlation Between Trough Level of Abiraterone and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response in Metastatic ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938091  

30 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Biological Mechanisms of Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937862  

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750