15 December 2018 : Clinical Research
Alternative Design for Anterolateral Thigh Multi-Paddled Flaps: The 3-5 SystemChengliang Deng1ACEF, Shusen Chang1BDE, Zairong Wei1ADFG*, Wenhu Jin1ACE, Hai Li1BDE, Kaiyu Nie1BF, Xiujun Tang1AE, Dali Wang1CD
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR9102-9109
BACKGROUND: The design and harvest of the anterolateral thigh (ALT) multi-paddled flap is a critical step in reconstructive surgeries. However, limited perforator distribution patterns of traditional design methods have gradually emerged in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a new technique (the 3-5 system) on ALT multi-paddled flap design.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 151 ALT flaps were harvested from 149 patients over a 26-month period. Among them, 100 ALT flaps were examined preoperatively using a handheld Doppler device to localize vascular perforators.
RESULTS: By detecting perforator penetration points through the vastus lateral muscle (VLM) or the intermuscular septum and perforator entry points to the deep fascia, precise ALT flap perforator distribution patterns were found. Meanwhile, a 3-5 system was developed to design ALT flaps based on these findings. The remaining 51 ALT flaps from 49 patients during a 9-month period did not require the use of preoperative handheld Doppler. In addition, preoperative handheld Doppler and intraoperative findings demonstrated that all ALT flap penetration points through the VLM or intermuscular septum and the perforator entry point in the deep fascia were closely related based on 3 longitudinal lines and 5 horizontal lines.
CONCLUSIONS: ALT flaps were successfully harvested using a 3-5 system without the need for preoperative handheld Doppler analysis. Moreover, the 3-5 system is a simple and practical approach for preoperative ALT multi-paddled flap design.
Keywords: Doppler Effect, Research Design, Surgical Flaps
01 May 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Twenty Years On from Sequencing the Human Genome, Personalized/Precision Oncology Prepares to Meet the Challenges of Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940911
28 May 2023 : Database AnalysisScientometric and Visualized Analysis of Intravoxel Incoherent Motion Magnetic Resonance Imaging: 1988-2021
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938715
25 May 2023 : Database AnalysisThe COVID-19 Crisis and the Incidence of Alcohol-Related Deaths in Poland
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940904
25 May 2023 : Review articleA Review of Preclinical and Clinical Studies in Support of the Role of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940635
25 May 2023 : Clinical ResearchPeriapical Lesions and Missed Canals in Endodontically Treated Teeth: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Stud...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940533
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Jan 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952